Poverty Reduction


Poverty, Inequality, and Vulnerability in the Transition and Developing Economies of Europe and Central Asia

This paper assesses poverty and inequality trends in the transition and developing economies of Europe and Central Asia, and links these trends to discourses regarding vulnerability, exclusion, and sustainability.   It considers various definitions and indicators of poverty, inequality,more


Resource constraints and economic performance in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

2011 - This report explores the link between resource constraints and economic performance for countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia through the use of the “Ecological Footprint” methodology. Evidence suggests that humanity is entering a new era where development globally will be moremore


Roma poverty from a human development perspective

This paper departs from the standard approach to poverty focusing solely on poverty rates, by proposing a multidimensional poverty index as a measure that better reflects the challenges Roma are facing. While analysis shows that some progress was made in reducing monetary poverty, it also offersmore


Exposing structural disparities of Romani women

This research paper attempts to address the status of Roma women in various thematic fields such as education, employment, health and housing, when compared with non-Roma women and Roma men. Its primary goal is to encourage policy makers to recognize structural gender inequalities and their ethnicmore


Migration of Roma and Non-Roma from Central and Eastern Europe

This report presents an analysis of quantitative and qualitative data on migration of Roma from countries in Central and Eastern Europe. more


Have Roma in Slovakia benefitted from the European Social Fund?

2012 - Findings from an analysis of European Social Fund - employment and social inclusion projects from 2007 to 2013. more


Roma household survey methodology

2013 - This paper describes the methodology, dataset, and methods used behind the UNDP/ World Bank/EC Regional Roma Survey 2011 while an additional paper by the FRA will provide details of the FRA Pilot Roma Survey. more


Policy brief - Roma and the labour market

2013 - This policy brief is based on a broader research paper on Roma and the labour market, part of a series series on Roma inclusion. more


Roma and non Roma in the labour market

2013 - This paper looks into the causes of the labour market situation of Roma in Central and South Eastern Europe covered by a 2011 regional Roma survey. more


Policy brief - Civil society involvement of the Roma

2013 - This brief is based on a research paper written for UNDP’s “Roma Inclusion Working Papers” series. The series includes thematic reports on employment, education, health, poverty, gender, migration, and civil society. more

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Our work on poverty reduction

UNDP works with national partners to reduce poverty and advocate for human development.


Almost 30 percent of people in the region either live in poverty or are at risk of living in poverty; and increases are expected by approximately five million people for every one percent decline in gross domestic product (GDP) (World Bank, 2009).


Some six million people in Central Asia live in poverty; and it is estimated that the number of people living in poverty in the region increased by an additional one million in 2009 (MDG Report, 2011).


Most countries in the region face rising inequalities, a large setback in social protection, an expanding informal sector, a decrease in male life expectancy, and a massive surge in migration.


The region has experienced the highest increase in socio economic inequality in the world over the last 20 years. One third of people surveyed in the region say that they are excluded - from economic life, social services and participation in society.