Resilience-based Development Response to the crisis in Syria and neighbouring Countries

Syrian refugee
A Syrian female farmer plants seeds inside a UNDP-supported farmer's cooperative nursery in the village of Tal Abbas in Akkar, north of Lebanon. Photo: Dalia Khamissy/UNDP

Four years into the conflict in Syria, close to 60 percent of the population is either internally displaced or has fled the country. The fighting has now drastically rolled back the region’s human development achievements —perhaps by decades.

In addition to killing more than 120,000 people and displacing close to 7 million, the crisis has caused rampant unemployment and left more than 50 percent of the population living in poverty. At the same time, as millions of Syrians seek refuge in neighboring countries, already vulnerable host communities are struggling with the influx of new refugees.


  • 12.6 million Syrians now living in poverty and 4.4 million in extreme poverty because of the crisis
  • 3 million refugees in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and North Africa
  • Refugees now make up approximately 10 percent of the population in Jordan and more than 27 percent in Lebanon
  • Over 190,000 is Syria's estimated death toll. With 6.5 million Syrians are internally displaced from their home and 10.8 million people now need humanitarian assistance
  • 84% of Syrian refugees reside in host communities rather than in refugee camps

In host countries, insufficient services such as health, education, sanitation, housing and socio-economic infrastructure, coupled with a collapse in economic opportunity and increased competition for jobs, are exacerbating deprivation. Rising tensions have begun to threaten social cohesion and the rule of law.

As one of development agencies in Syria  with the largest presence, UNDP works with affected communities to help them cope, rebuild, recover and protect development gains, for example by providing temporary jobs to affected people, clearing debris and helping local businesses to recover productive assets.

In countries neighboring Syria, UNDP supports host communities to cope with the influx of refugees by improving infrastructure, and boosting local economic and employment opportunities, especially for vulnerable groups, such as young people, those with disabilities and women - while helping to resolve, mediate and prevent conflict.

UNDP’s development approach focuses on building resilience and ensuring that communities not only recover from the crisis but also improve the longer-term development prospects needed to move towards a lasting peace.

Projects and Initiatives


3RP: Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan

The 3RP is an innovative approach that coherently frames together humanitarian and development interventions for a sustainable resilience-based response to the Syria crisis. more

News on Syria


Flood risk management structures in Aarsal and Ras Baalbek save lives of the locals and the Syrian refugees in Bekaa region

“The damage that we used to witness before did not happen this time” wrote the Mayor of Aarsal to UNDP on the 12th of May 2014 more


UNDP and the UK boost Cooperation in Supporting of the Health Care Center in Bekaa Area

“Despite the poverty we are living in, the center has helped me and my kids a lot especially that getting medical care in Lebanon is too more

Syria Crisis

Syria Crisis - Beyond the Borders

UNDP is grateful for the generous funding from donors and partners for supporting our work inside Syria and the regional response in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, including Ecuador, European Union, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Monaco, OCHA, Russia, Spain - Lebanon Recovery Fund, Switzerland, UNHCR, United States, World Bank more

Partners discuss UNDP’s US$166 Million Resilience-based Development Response to the crisis in Syria and neighbouring Countries

Amman – Development partners from 18 countries and the EU meeting in Amman today agreed that the Kuwait II Pledging Conference for Syria, slated for more


A scaled-up “development response” to the Syria crisis is critical - now

Amman- Regional Directors and Representatives of over 20 United Nations (UN) agencies started meetings today in Amman to discuss means to harmonize UN responses to the more


Humanitarian Response to Syria Must Address Development Crisis, Says UN Development Chief

Geneva - While the need for life-saving humanitarian assistance for refugees and displaced peoples remains paramount, the international response to the Syria crisis must also include more


UNDP seeks support to help alleviate the suffering of the Syrian people and host communities

New York/Geneva - The ongoing conflict in Syria is undermining development, not only inside Syria, where the human consequences of the conflict are devastating – but more