6 Reduce child mortality

Where we are?

Photo Credit: UNDP PNG
Photo Credit: UNDP PNG

Under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR):

U-5MR decreased in PNG from 133 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 75 in 2006, while the IMR decreased from 82 per 1000 live births to 57 in 2006 during the same period (see Table below).

Table: Indices of early childhood mortality by sex indirectly derived fromCensuses and surveys

Index of early childhood mortality

1990 Census

1996 DHS

2000 Census

2006 DHS

Under-5 Mortality Rate per 1000 live births

133

-

88

75

Infant Mortality Rate per 1000 live births

82

73

64

57

Source  1990 Census: Hayes, 1996. 2000 Censuses: NSO, 2003. 1996 DHS: NSO, 1997. 2006 DHS: NSO, 2009

The national targets for 2015 for U5MR was 72 per 1000 live births, while the target for the IMR was 44. It is projected that PNG will achieve these national targets (see Table below).

Table: Progress between 1990 and 2010 towards achieving the national targetsfor early childhood mortality.

National Indicator

Most recent measure

Projected (no change)

National MTDS Target 2015

Value

Year

1990

2010

2015

Infant Mortality Rate (‰)

57

2006

-

53

46

44

Under 5 Mortality Rate (‰)

75

2006

-

70

61

72

% of 1 year children immunized against measles per year

61.0

2008

45

62

69

-

% of 1 year children immunized with Triple Antigen (3rd dose) per year

61.0

2008

66

61

59

-

Coverage of measles immunization (%)

81.5

2006

72

83

87

-

Coverage of measles immunization:The coverage of measles immunization in the country increased from 72% in 1990 to 83% in 2010, and it is likely to increase to 87% by 2015. However, it is to be noted that this proportion needs to be increased to 100% by the earliest date possible to reduce child mortality.

1.02 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles