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Evaluation Report of the Pakistan Strengthening Democracy through Parliamentary Development II Project & Recommendations 23 Oct 2012
Evaluation Report of the Pakistan Strengthening Democracy through Parliamentary Development II Project & Recommendations
Cooperation between the Parliament of Pakistan, the Inter Parliamentary Union and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) started when the project “Strengthening Democracy through Parliamentary Development” was initiated. The first phase of the project started in 2004, followed by a second phase which started in 2009. The project is funded by the Kingdom of The Netherlands and co-funded and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme.
The review mission for RAHA was launched from March 10 to April 18, 2011. The objectives were to assess the level of inputs, outputs, results and their effectiveness progressing towards the outcomes of the program; review the validity of original program for possibility of its extension and examine to improve area based approach for RAHA.
The second phase of the Area Development Programme Balochistan (ADPB II) was approved for the period July 2006 – June 2010. It is financed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Government of Balochistan (GoB), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the beneficiaries, and implemented by the Planning and Development (P&D) Department of GoB. It is implemented under the National Implementation Modality (NIM), which replaced the National Execution Modality (NEX) under which it was designed.
The ADPB is implemented since January 1999 in 8 valleys of Balochistan with the innovative technique of involvement of communities in need identification, planning, design and implementation rather than the traditional top-down approach adopted by government departments. The funding agencies include UNDP, GoB, WFP and the beneficiary COs. The current phase of the Programme is till December 2004. The Project has implemented a number of activities to improve resource management and introduction of high return initiatives aimed at poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihood through community involvement.
Community Development Project for the Rehabilitation of Salt Affected and Waterlogged Lands - Bio Saline-II
The Bio-saline II Project has been under implementation for two years, and during this time there have been two changes in the National Project Director (NPD) post which have affected its implementation. Moreover, a host of issues have been raised surrounding the differences between the PC I and the Project Document (Prodoc). The Mid Term Review (MTR) Team has been mandated to highlight the issues and challenges affecting the effective and efficient implementation of outputs and their contribution to project outcomes and impacts, so as to be able to recommend corrective action.
The Conservation of Habitats and Species project aims to assist local communities to cease ecologically harmful practices, develop livelihoods and lifestyles that are ecologically sustainable, and practise natural resource conservation. The focus is on two districts of Balochistan, to stop hunting and over-collection of wildlife, overgrazing of native vegetation and collection of fuel wood from native trees; and to develop agricultural and pastoral practices and other income-generating activities that contribute to ecosystem conservation.
The context for this outcome evaluation is provided by UNDP’s support for governance-related programmes in Pakistan, with a focus on decentralisation of authority and management. Its main objective is to take stock of the progress on conceptual and operational issues within the overall framework of devolution of power as enunciated by the Local Government Plan 2000.
This report summarizes the findings of the Evaluation Mission conducted during the period of September 23 to October 8 2005 for the “Fuel Efficiency for Road Transport Sector” (FERTS). The development objective of FERTS was to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants through the improvement of fuel efficiency of road transport vehicles.
The Local Government Ordinance (LGO) of 2001 created a new system of local government in Pakistan. Among other institutions, it created an Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism at the level of the Union Council (UC), the lowest level of local government. This ADR is called the Musalihat Anjuman (MA), and it is a formal mechanism that uses informal procedures for resolving disputes. The LGO conceived it as an ADR mechanism for all citizens and did not provide for any special attention to women in this regard. The Gender Justice Through Musalihat Anjuman Project (GJTMAP) aimed not only to get the MAs off the ground but also to gender this important new institution from the outset.
The GENPROM project was launched in August 2006, aimed towards reducing poverty by generating employment for women in the garment industry through training; capacity building of the private industry to conduct research and advocate gender mainstreaming in the garment industry. It promises to promote gender participation in the garment industry; and formulate best practices and disseminate the information for up‐scaling skill development initiatives in the country. The project is being implemented in Sindh and Punjab in partnership with two implementing partners, Pakistan Ready‐Made Garments Manufacturers & Exporters Association (PRGMEA) in Sindh and GC University Faisalabad in Punjab.
Local authorities and communities in rural and urban areas enabled and involved in planning and management of development activities, including the provision of services
The extensive local government reforms introduced by the government of General Pervez Musharraf (1999-2008) in 2001, were one of the most fundamental and far reaching interventions made in the system and processes of governance seen in Pakistan in many years. This intervention was based upon the premise that government was most likely to be accountable to the people when its’ functions, particularly those related to the delivery of basic social sector services, were devolved, and included a substantial element of community participation which would be best handled by the lowest competent authority. A wide range of project and non-project support was provided through interventions that were embedded in the local government system and others that had indirect connections.
The goal of the biodiversity focal area is the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the maintenance of ecosystem goods and services. GEF‘s strategy to support biodiversity mainstreaming focuses on the role and potential contributions of both the public and private sector. The strategy aims to strengthen the capacity of the public sector to manage and regulate the use of biological diversity in the productive landscape and seascape while also exploiting opportunities to support the production of biodiversity-friendly goods and services by resource managers and users including the private sector.
Keeping in view the prevailing water situation in Pakistan and the wasteful water use practices, an immense need was felt to undertake a project on educating water users that the water resources are not an inexhaustible entity and have a value. Domestic, agricultural and industrial sectors must be addressed to understand that conserving the resource would lead to sustainability and bring about economic and social stability.
The terms of reference required the mission to assess the CPAP gender outcome which was articulated in the following statement. “National Action Plan (NPA) for the advancement of women jointly adopted, implemented and monitored by the Government legislature and civil society according to time bound goals”. More specifically the evaluation was expected to assess the status of the outcome, the factors affecting the outcome and the UNDP contributions to the outcome achievements. The scope of evaluation included review of relevant initiatives contributing to advancement of women in the country; relevance and outcomes of the UNDP projects, and externally; the institutional arrangements, policy environment, national capacities, ownership and the donors assistance framework, that has influenced the achievement of the outcomes.
An independent mid-term review (MTR) of the UNDP Country Programme for Pakistan (CP) (2004-2008) was conducted in July 2006 in order to: (i) assess the achievements attained thus far, (ii) ascertain the perspectives held by UNDP’s main partners, (iii) identify major issues to be addressed, and (iv) recommend strategic actions for strengthening the CP.
EIROP was designed as a response to the Local Government Plan (2000) and the Local Government Ordinance (2001). It was formulated within the context of the UNDP Country Cooperation Framework 1998-2003 and was expected to contribute to the Strategic Results Framework 2000-3. An evaluation of the first phase of EIROP (2001-3) was conducted in accordance with the programme document. The main purpose of the evaluation was to ensure that the lessons learned are applied in the design and implementation of the next phase.
Outcome Evaluation The principles of environmentally sustainable development integrated into country policies, plans, programmes, projects and practices
UNDP First Country Cooperation Framework (CCF), 1998-2003 established poverty eradication as the over-arching objective for UNDP support in the period. In line with the CCF Framework, UNDP set out to address environmental challenges through the poverty and environment nexus at two levels: the local level by responding to community needs, and more broadly by addressing global environmental concerns in the context of Pakistan.
An initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and the Government of Pakistan (GoP), the Mountain Areas Conservation Project (MACP) was intended to empower the local stakeholder communities to use the natural resources in a sustainable manner without compromising the integrity of the natural environment. The World Wide Fund for Nature-Pakistan (WWF-P) is co-implementing one of the project components pertaining to education and awareness of the local communities under Output-2.
United Nations Agencies, particularly United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), played a crucial role in spearheading the relief efforts mainly through proving effective leadership and close involvement in sectoral cluster groups. UNDP, in close collaboration with the Government of Pakistan, headed the Early Recovery Cluster and implemented a range of relief projects immediately following the catastrophe. These were aimed at meeting the immediate needs of the earthquake affected population.
The Protection and Management of Pakistan Wetlands Project (PWP) was developed by WWF-P during a PDF-B project formulation phase (2001-2003). The implementation of this seven year project began in August 2005. It was coordinated by UNDP during development phase and continues coordination during the implementation phase as well. It is funded by UNDP, Global Environment Facility (GEF), with co-funding from UNDP, RNE, WWF Network and Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund.
The joint programme for social mobilization and poverty reduction in Sistan and Baluchistan first appeared within the UN literature in Iran in 1999 after a mission by the then DRR to the region. At that time the region was identified as a disinherited region within the Iranian regional planning apparatus. Various comparative national studies such as the National Human Development Report 1999 confirmed the plight of this province. All these analysis were on the basis of 1996 national census data and projections there after. UNDP, UNICEF and office of UN RC have continued to update their projections of poverty levels and wealth distribution gap to date in documents such as CCA, towards an UNDAF which intends to integrate MDGs.
The Strengthening Public Grievance Redress Mechanism (SPGRM) project is designed to address issues of administrative justice in Pakistan. Housed within the Wafaqi Mohtasib (Ombudsman) Secretariat (WMS), the project aims to improve the outreach and quality of grievance redress mechanisms available to the citizens; and, increase public demand for responsive and transparent delivery of services.
The SDRB is the successor to the Balochistan Trial District Management Project (BTDMP) which was implemented between 1998 and 2002. A four-year implementation cycle, that was completed just before the introduction of the new system of local governments. The project aimed at improving public service delivery mechanisms through a variety of interventions.
UNDP-GEF Pakistan Wind Energy Project has the objective of avoiding CO2 emissions through deployment of grid-connected wind power. It aims to achieve this by creating an enabling environment for private-sector investment in wind power. The project was extended twice from its initial two-year timeline.
Sustainable Development through Peace Building, Governance and Economic Recovery in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Project
This report is an outcome of the Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the “Sustainable Development through Peace Building & Economic Recovery in KPK” commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) from June 27th up till July 20th 2011.
The “Sustainable Land Management project to Combat Desertification in Pakistan” is being implemented in two phases over a period of 8 years. Initiated by GEF, UNDP and Government of Pakistan, Phase-1 of the project aims at creating an enabling environment for mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices, institutional capacity building, and implementation of nine pilot projects for demonstrating SLM practices in arid and semi-arid regions of all the four provinces of Pakistan. Phase-II will focus on upscaling best SLM interventions over a wider landscape.
Terminal Evaluation Report of Conservation of Habitats and Species in Arid and Semi-Arid Eco-systems in Baluchistan
The “Conservation of Habitat and Species in Arid and Semi-Arid Ecosystem of Baluchistan” project is implemented in two districts (Qila Saifullah and Noshki) of Baluchistan over a period of seven years. The project has been co-funded by GEF, UNDP, Provincial Government of Baluchistan and Society for Torghar Environment Protection (STEP). The project aims to assist local communities to cease ecologically harmful practices, develop livelihoods and lifestyles that are ecologically sustainable, and practice natural resource conservation.
The Building and Construction Improvement Programme (BACIP) is a progressive and forward looking project of the Aga Khan Planning and Building Services, Pakistan (AKPBS,P). It was initiated under the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF)-PAKSID initiative and subsequently supported by other donors. The project was initiated in 1997 and works in the Northern Areas and Chitral to analyse people’s problems related to housing and developing realistic and cost effective solutions. The project is evolving from an applied research project to extension and service delivery.
Approved in July 2003, the GSP is a five-year (2003-2008) initiative that spans governance, poverty reduction and gender equality and aims to operate at the national as well as sub-national levels. Its objective was to provide coordinated policy, technical and managerial support to the Government of Pakistan in the design, implementation and monitoring of national programmes in the areas of women’s political participation, economic empowerment, enabling social environment and institutional strengthening.
The Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the “Community Empowerment through Livestock Development and Credit” (CELDAC) was conducted by an independent review team contracted by the United Nations Development Programme UNDP. It aimed at assessing the project in terms of: needs and demands of the beneficiaries; how the project achieved its objectives and affected the target group, in particular women; the performance of the project to date with reference to quantitative and qualitative results; utilization of funds and timeliness of reporting; whether the results would continue and if not, provide recommendations that could lead to sustained change; appropriateness of the training approach, infrastructure, institutions and modality adopted; whether extension or replicability was feasible; level, degree and appropriateness of the stakeholders involved; whether linkages were developed; and identification of lessons and recommendations for project strategy, approach and management.
The Women’s Political Participation and Gender-Sensitive Poverty Reduction Strategy Project (W3P), envisaged as a part of a larger National Programme for Women’s Political Participation developed by the Ministry of Women’s Development (MoWD), was a component of the Gender Equality Umbrella Project (GEUP). It was a two-year3 US $3million project. The executing/implementing agency for the project was GEUP, United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS); its line agency was the Ministry of Women’s Development, Social Welfare and Special Education (MoWD), Government of Pakistan; and cooperating agency was the Economic Affairs Division (EAD), Government of Pakistan.