UNDP, Government of Nepal sign US$ 1.3 m (Rs. 105 million) National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change
14 November, Kathmandu - The Government of Nepal (GoN) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of donors today signed a US$ 1.3m (Rs. 105 million) project for the preparation and implementation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to climate change. The project is funded by DFID (US$ 875,000), Government of Denmark (US$200,000) and UNDP/Global Environment Facility/Least Developed Country Fund (US$ 250,000) to help the government take leadership on harmonised donor approach to address climate change issues in Nepal.
The document was signed by the Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, Mr. Purushottam Ghimire and UNDP Deputy Resident Representative for Programme Mr. Ghulam M. Isaczai.
One of the main objectives of this project is to enable the Government of Nepal to respond strategically to the challenges and opportunities posed by climate change through preparing the National Adaptation Programme of Action, a strategic framework of action for climate change in Nepal. The project will also support to develop and maintain climate change knowledge and learning for Nepal as well as to coordinate and facilitate the range of processes and actors that are planned or needed on climate change.
The consultative process to be adopted for NAPA formulation will create a multi-stakeholder platform on Climate Change Action in Nepal. Based on the analysis of climate change impacts on various sectors, the key climate change adaptation priorities will be identified, including capacity development needs at the individual and institutional levels for harmonized donor support.
Tony Burdon, Deputy Head of DFID said 'Nepal is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. Impacts here will not just affect the people of Nepal, but the 500 million people living in the Ganges river basin. I'm very pleased that we are able, along with UNDP and Danida, to support the Government of Nepal in developing their plans to tackle the impacts of climate change.'
Signing the project document, UNDP Deputy Resident Representative for Programme, Mr. Ghulam Isaczai said, 'Recognising that Nepal has limited organisational capacity to deal with climate change impacts, the project aims at supporting to create necessary frameworks to address adaptation challenges in vulnerable areas. The past decades have shown that disaster risk in Nepal is greatest as the existing Disaster Management systems are not able to deal with existing patterns of risk against the increasing exposure to climate related hazards.'
Note to the Editor:
Nepal signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992 and ratified the Convention on 2nd May 1994. It came into force on 31st July 1994. Nepal has accessed the Kyoto Protocol on 16 September 2005 and put it into force from 14 December 2005. The Government of Nepal (GON) has established the Designated National Authority (DNA) on 22 December 2005 and the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology (MoEST) has been nominated and mandated to function as DNA. In this context, Nepal has undertaken full commitments for the effective implementation of climate change policies. Nepal has to prepare NAPA document as per UNFCCC standard to access various adaptation fund for least developed countries.
After becoming Party to UNFCCC, Nepal organized a National Workshop on the UNFCCC and the Institutional Design of the Cooperative Implementation Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol in August 2000 (assisted by the UNEP/ROAP and the Asian Development Bank). The workshop raised several issues related to the need for estimating GHG emissions and impacts of climate change. Nepal prepared its INC in 2004 with the assistance of UNEP/GEF.
Nepal has recently initiated monitoring of one of the most vulnerable glacial lakes, the Tso Rolpa Lake and a flood monitoring station in the Narayani River. Besides these initiatives, Nepal has yet to implement a concerted set of activities to directly address implementation of UNFCCC commitments. Currently, there are no activities to sufficiently address climate change concerns including integration into the national development portfolio, which is mainly due to a lack of technical capacity, finance and a series of institutional constraints. The consideration of a gender dimension in dealing with climate change impacts has also not been addressed.
For more information pls. contact firstname.lastname@example.org , Development Communications Officer, UNDP Nepal, Tel: 00-977-1-5523200