Since late 2006, Nepal has provided key technical support to the peace process, alongside the support provided by the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN). Soon after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006, the Maoist army and their weapons were placed in cantonments at 28 sites in Nepal. UNMIN, with support from UNDP, then proceeded to lead the verification of combatants within these sites and found 19,602 to be verified members of the Maoist army while 4,008 were disqualified either as minors or late recruits. Two years after the completion of verification process, after several rounds of negotiations, an action plan was signed by the Maoists and the Government of Nepal in December 2009 for the discharge and rehabilitation of the disqualified combatants. In a major step forward in the peace process, UNDP in partnership with UNMIN, UNICEF, UNFPA and ILO supported the discharge and rehabilitation of these personnel that to date represents one of the major achievements of the peace process.
In 2011, 27% of UNDP’s total expenditure went on peace building initiatives. UNDP led the establishment of UN Interagency Rehabilitation Programme (UNIRP) in 2010 to facilitate the transition of discharged personnel from military to civilian life. Within this programme UNDP facilitates vocational skills training and micro-enterprise development support, UNICEF manages the education and psycho-social counseling programme, the UNFPA coordinates the health related training along with gender and health support while the ILO builds the capacity of the vocational training providers. The programme also supported discharges with special needs. It provided child care and support for women with young children and to those suffering from physical health and psychological problems.
UNDP in Nepal has been actively supporting the most important agenda for the country, the Constitution making through its Support to Participatory Constitution Building in Nepal (SPCBN) project. Nepal awaits a new Constitution that brings the country’s traditionally excluded groups into the political and social mainstream, which is fundamental for the resolution of conflict.UNDP has supported the establishment of the Centre for Constitutional Dialogue (CCD) in the capital- Kathmandu, providing a democratic dialogue space for individuals, communities and political groups to participate in Constitution making. The project has been instrumental in informing the citizens and key stakeholders about the Constitution making process through democratic dialogues organised at the village level directly with the communities and through television and radio programmes.
UNDP has also launched new Conflict Prevention Programme (CPP) to support the prevention, mitigation and management of conflicts at the central and local levels which it aims to achieve through collaborative leadership and dialogue and ‘Do No Harm’ approach. The programme is working to ensure that development initiatives are designed, implemented and monitored in a conflict sensitive way that maximizes peace building impacts.