Conflict Prevention Project (CPP)

What is the project about

Conflict prevention project supports UNDP's development of new peacebuilding intiatives and the operations of its Peacebuilding and Recovery Unit.

The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) and the subsequent People's Movement II brought about historic changes in Nepali society. It also ushered Nepal into a very complex and challenging transition, bringing to the fore some of the most deep-rooted yet not immediately anticipated problems--mainly social, political, ethnic--in the Nepali society.  Addressing  problems and challenges the country is facing today--holding new election for constituent assembly, drafting the new constitution, restructuring of the state etc-- requires meaningful dialogue and collaboration, and building broad-based consensus around the key contentious issues by all actors concerned, which has been quite hard to achieve as yet.

Resolving the problems confronting the country today requires new thinking and novel forms of relationships and leadership. The Conflict Prevention Programme (CPP) was envisioned to help contribute towards this end by working with key actors in Nepali society, building their skills and transforming their attitude for collaborative leadership, consensus building and conflict management.

Guided by and reflecting the priorities of Nepal Peace and Development Strategy (PDS) 2010-15 and United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for 2013-17, Conflict Prevention Programme (CPP) has been developed as a two-pronged complementary approach to prevention, mitigation and management of conflicts. CPP works on two complementary pillars: 1) Promoting Collaborative Leadership (CLD), 2) Mainstreaming Conflict Sensitivity (CS).

CLD aims to promote collaborative leadership practices both at national and local levels and build capacity of national as well as local level leaders.

CS works for mainstreaming conflict sensitivity into project development and policy frameworks of the United Nations, and to institutionalize conflict sensitivity and Do No Harm (DNH) into government policy and programming as well as the civil service.



CLD will build sustained capacities for collaboration, dialogue and conflict management among leaders of Nepali society by strengthening their key peacebuilding and collaborative leadership skills, primarily through targeted training, scenario-planning exercises, process design and targeted skills building.

The program will also support building peace-building institutions and mechanisms both at national and local levels that will work to promote inclusive dialogue, resolve disputes and build confidence among various groups and actors.

Under CS, institutional mechanism will be established and internal capacity developed in the UN system and the Government of Nepal for mainstreaming conflict sensitivity. This entails training UN and Government officials on conflict sensitivity and Do No Harm (DNH) tools and approaches; providing technical assistance to UN and Government of Nepal for applying conflict sensitivity and Do No Harm (DNH) in policy and programming, and supporting Government of Nepal in developing capacity to disseminate conflict sensitivity tools and approaches to government mechanism in the long term.

In the first two years, the project functioned on pilot basis in Banke, Dhanusa and Kathmandu. CPP now plans to expand its working districts and establish offices in all five development regions of the country.


Summary of Key Activities

  • Provide training to Nepali leaders (civic, political and government) on collaboration and dialogue, and tools and approaches on conflict analysis, dialogue process design and scenario building.
  • Support ongoing dialogue and peace building processes. 
  • Train UN and Government officials on conflict sensitivity and Do No Harm (DNH) tools and approaches.
  • Provide technical assistance to the UN and Government of Nepal for applying conflict sensitivity and Do No Harm (DNH) in policy and programming.
  • Support Government of Nepal in developing capacity to disseminate conflict sensitivity tools and approaches to government mechanism in the long term.

What have we accomplished so far

Conflict-Sensitive Development: During the pilot phase 2011-12 CS project pillar was initiated as a joint programme of UNDP and UNICEF that works in close coordination with the UN Resident Coordinators Office (UNRCO). The following impacts were achieved during this phase:

  • Conflict sensitivity (CS) has been applied to and mainstreamed in the UNDAF (2013-17) and in subsequent project development processes
  • CS has been embedded in the UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN), making CS training, context analysis and Do No Harm project analysis a mandatory requirement for all projects to be funded by the UNPFN
  • Existing projects and programmes of UNRCHCO, UNDP and UNICEF have mainstreamed CS in their implementation. CS has been carefully embedded in Monitoring & Evaluation (M & E) systems, staff appraisals and staff terms of references (TORs).


By developing institutional technical capacity within the UN system in Nepal, in particular by having trained 360 UN staff in conflict-sensitive programming, conflict sensitivity was applied to and implemented in the mentioned policy frameworks as well as programming and operational strategies.

Moreover, by extending the scope of capacity building in conflict sensitivity with key government counterparts, trained government officials from 14 ministries have applied their learning on conflict sensitivity, and upon their own initiative, this has resulted in:

  • the development of a course curriculum on conflict sensitivity for the Nepal  Administrative Staff College, which is the primary training institution for Nepal’s civil service;
  • the integration of a conflict-sensitive guideline in the policy of “Conflict-free Classrooms” by the Ministry of Education;
  • the promotion of “Transparency Boards” (a form of social audit) by the District Education Offices, having identified it as a conflict-sensitive programming option from a Do No Harm workshop;
  • the Nepal Police and Armed Police Forces reflecting conflict sensitivity in their own behavior while making efforts to build community trust and relationships.


Collaborative Leadership and Dialogue: During the pilot phase 2011-12 the CLD approach has been able to work with key leaders in these geographies on the following:

  • In total 488 political, civil society and government leaders have been trained on CLD approaches.
  • Through outreach, establishment of a broad understanding and legitimacy of CLD as an initiative.
  • Through training, provision of a basic understanding of and receptivity to CLD concepts. Through field offices and training materials, creation of a platform for supporting future dialogue initiatives
  • Through training and capacity building, a core group of national and local level facilitators have been formed to take forward dialogue processes through national ownership
  • Through initiatives such as Collaborative Dialogue on Janakpur Urban Planning and Pokhara high-level dialogue event, demonstration of CLD as an effective tool for bringing leaders together to discuss issues of relevance.

Who Finances it?

Amount contributed
Total funded budget
$2.1 million

Delivery in previous fiscal year




Importance of this project towards achieving the MDGs

Conflict-vulnerable countries such as Nepal make much less progress on achieving the MDGs than non-conflict affected countries. More collaborative leadership and dialogue will transform decision making at all levels of society into a more constructive exercise that promotes sustainable and inclusive governance to enable the achievement of the MDGs across all social groups. This transformation will involve a long term commitment to establishing efficient and legitimate institutions that can prevent repeated violence — the aim of CPP.

Project Overview
Project duration:
2010 - 2015
Geographic coverage:
Central level, Dhanusha, Banke with plan of expansion to all five development regions
Focus Area:
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Implemented by:
Supported by
Norway, SIDA, UNDP and UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN), European Union
Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR),
Nepal Administrative Staff College (NSAC),
Political parties at the national and local levels,
local civil society organizations
Key Stakeholders
Political parties representatives, civil society leaders and government officials
UNDP focal point:
Mr. Peter Barwick
Project Manager
Conflict Prevention Programme, UNDP
UN House, POB 108 Pulchowk
Lalitpur, Nepal
Tel: 977-1-5523200 ext. 1520
Fax: 977-1-5523991
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