Soon after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006, the Maoist army and their weapons were placed in cantonments at 28 sites in Nepal. UNMIN, with support from UNDP, then proceeded to lead the verification of combatants within these sites and found 19,602 to be verified members of the Maoist army while 4,008 were disqualified either as minors or late recruits. Two years after the completion of verification process, after several rounds of negotiations, an action plan was signed by the Maoists and the Government of Nepal in December 2009 for the discharge and rehabilitation of the disqualified combatants. In a major step forward in the peace process, UNDP in partnership with UNMIN, UNICEF, UNFPA and ILO supported the discharge and rehabilitation of these personnel that to date represents one of the major achievements of the peace process.
Since late 2006, UNDP in Nepal has provided key technical support to the on-going peace process.