In-depth

Current Programme

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Photo: UNDP Mongolia

UNDP will focus on national capacity development to formulate, implement and monitor policies and programmes aimed at putting MDG 1 (poverty reduction) on track. This is the overall goal of UNDP’s work in Mongolia. Support will be given on policy options for the off-track MDGs by identifying bottlenecks, prioritizing solutions, developing action plans and implementation strategies.  UNDP will also focus the attention on long term development priorities including linking Mongolia up to the global post-2015 development discussions.

National development policy and planning

UNDP is supporting Mongolia in developing an integrated national development planning system. This support includes the review of existing experiences of policies and planning including international best practices, development of planning guidelines and manuals as well as capacity development at the central and local level. To address the issue of lack of data, UNDP is investing in the development of baseline data and in statistical capacity development at national and local level as well as in setting up stronger monitoring and evaluation frameworks.

Capacity for data analysis and econometric modeling will be strengthened to assist policy makers in forecasting, planning, and policy analysis. UNDP has supported Mongolia to develop an integrated macro- economic model and related capacities. This model supports comparative analysis of different policy options and integrates economic, environmental and social elements. Support will continue to further use this model in actual policy making.

UNDP is also spearheading national development dialogues on key topics bringing stakeholders together for policy discussions.

UNDP’s Environment and Energy portfolio focuses on the development of a range of strategies that enhance the country’s ability to conserve and protect its environment, and to empower local communities and enhance institutional capacity for sustained environmental management and climate change adaptation. UNDP also supports Mongolia in accessing international environmental financing.

Environmental Governance

UNDP supports capacity strengthening of concerned national and local institutions to fulfill their commitments to implement the provisions of international conventions, implement and monitor related policies, and enhance coordination among them. UNDP supports institutionalizing Environmental Auditing as an effective tool to enable stronger enforcement of environmental laws and introduction of environmentally friendly standards that have become legally binding with approval of package of environmental laws. UNDP also cooperates with local governments, civil society organizations, academia and media for wider awareness of environmental issues. UNDP continued promoting informed decision making in many areas such as the development of a national green development strategy and the development of mining cost benefit analysis tool.

Natural Resources Management

In partnership with the Government of Mongolia and Government of the Netherlands and GEF, UNDP supports empowerment of community-based and local institutions in the area of sustainable management of natural resources and strengthening the protected areas system (national parks). In addition, UNDP focuses on biodiversity conservation in “hot spots” such as the Altai-Sayan and Gobi regions. These regions host a number of species threatened by extinction, such as the snow leopard, gobi bear and Bactrian camel. A focus of UNDP’s work is to identify self-sustaining financing options.

Climate Change

For climate change adaptation and mitigation, UNDP supports the implementation of the national action programmes for climate change and combating desertification, nationally appropriate mitigation actions and capacity development of the capacity development of the Climate Change Coordination Authority.

UNDP prioritizes demonstration of proven adaptation measures to maintain ecosystem functionality and minimize vulnerabilities of local communities, including protection and sustainable management of forest assets to produce globally significant lessons considering Mongolia’s considerable size of boreal forest.

In a country beset by long, harsh winters, heating of buildings requires a substantial amount of individual households’ income. Reducing Mongolia’s reliance on wood and coal-based fuels for household heating is paramount for reducing air pollution in Mongolia but also for the overall preservation of the global environment and the reduction of carbon-based greenhouse-gas emissions. UNDP supports energy efficiency through alternative materials for insulation and in strengthening the national system of building codes, norms and standards. UNDP’s support is also extended to formulation of appropriate pro-poor policies and strategies in the energy sector.

Water and sanitation

With the support of donors such as Australia, Korea and Japan, UNDP is improving the capacities of State and non-State actors, at national and local level, to deliver safe drinking water and sanitation services. This also includes the construction of demonstration sites in rural areas. To promote better water and sanitation technologies, support will be provided to update the system of building codes, norms and standards (BCNS).

Disaster Management

In partnership with the Government of Luxembourg, UNDP supports capacity  building of the Government of Mongolia for effective disaster management. UNDP supported the establishment of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) in 2004 as the nodal institution to manage and coordinate all aspects of disaster management from disaster risk reduction to fire-fighting. UNDP continues to support institutional and human capacity development of NEMA the central and local levels, provides technical assistance for planning disaster management including cross border threats such as Avian Influenza and mining related environmental disasters such as chemical spells and promotes partnership with key stakeholders to improve public education and awareness for disaster prevention.