UNDP has made a vital contribution to reducing poverty and improving service quality, particularly for deprived regions and vulnerable people in Moldova. It has also been a partner of choice in Moldova’s rapid advancements towards integration into the EU, and a key supporter of the country’s heightened discussion of human rights and gender equality.
UNDP has introduced a legal and policy framework for private sector participation in social initiatives. This makes it easier for private sector actors to initiate programmes in education and health, contribute to social causes, and adopt socially responsible behaviours. Spurring innovations in business development for the generation of sustainable jobs at local level and strengthening of the LPAs capacities to manage autonomously such processes are high on the agenda.
The National Decentralization Strategy adopted in 2012 established a path towards sustainable local development. Local public authorities have now more autonomy when it comes to providing public services such as water, waste collection, sewage systems, and infrastructure. The decentralisation of the fiscal system heralded a shift in the management of local public finances – it increased autonomy and accountability of local public authorities in managing public budgets.
In close cooperation with partners, UNDP has helped build the capacity of local public authorities to efficiently plan and implement local development priorities and improve local public services, in cooperation with civil society and community members.
On the two banks of the Nistru River and in ethnically diverse areas of the country (namely the Territorial Administrative Unit of Gagauzia and the Taraclia district), UNDP contributes to to building confidence and strengthening cooperation by engaging local public authorities, civil society organisations, business community etc.
With UNDP support, the Parliament’s capacity has grown, including through the Parliament’s Secretariat Strategic Development Plan and a series of standard operations procedures now applied in the execution of the Parliament’s legislative, oversight and representation functions. As the whole governance structure came under public pressure for lack of accountability, UNDP worked to promote Parliament’s openness to people’s needs, to ensure inclusive and transparent electoral processes, and to bring forward a higher and fairer representation of women in decision-making.
Parliament public hearings were piloted by UNDP and then institutionalized. The Parliament’s Standing Committees regularly organize public hearings and fact-finding visits to consult with civil society on important policies. Citizens have now more opportunities to express their views and needs, and to hold politicians accountable. Four Parliament’s Constituency Offices were established with UNDP support; since 2015, MPs are now holding dozens of meetings with citizens and receiving thousands of policy requests and comments a year. Vulnerable women made their voice heard in the Regional Policy Dialogues with Members of Parliament around the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A cross-party Women’s Platform (Women’s Caucus) was established to strengthen women’s role in decision-making and enhance gender considerations in policy development.
UNDP supported the elaboration of the Justice Sector Reform Strategy (2012 – 2016) and its Action Plan, and was instrumental in helping the Government to establish a strong monitoring, coordination and reporting mechanism that allows assessing the progress in the implementation. We contributed to achieving its key targets by strengthening the National Legal Aid System and supporting corruption prevention measures and anti-corruption institutions. We are also advising public institutions on further planning and reform processes in justice sphere, following the end of the 2012-2016 Strategy.
Climate Change, Environment and Energy
UNDP is helping Moldova get stronger in the mainstreaming of gender sensitive adaptation into sectorial strategies and in cross-sectoral policy coordination. Factoring emergency management into disaster risk reduction, the Law on Unique Emergency Call Service 112 was adopted. At local level, pilot IT solutions for crisis prevention and early warning are increasing the institutional capacity of the Civil Protection and Emergency Situation Service to serve local communities. UNDP-supported European MeteoAlarm membership of Moldova’s HydroMeteo Institute is enabling real time information and impact-oriented warnings for civil protection.
To support Moldova’s future energy security, UNDP is implementing the second phase of a EU-funded intervention promoting the use of biomass from agricultural waste. Thanks to successful outreach actions, the national share of renewables increased to 13.1% (2015) a good progress towards the 17% commitment assumed under the Energy Community.
An important achievement in the field of biodiveristy conservation is the establishment of Moldova’s first National Park in the region of Orhei. The Park increased the coverage of the National Protected Area System by 33,792 ha (or 1% of the country), and serves as an example of the multiple benefits that a complex protected area with natural, cultural, historic, recreational and touristic value can bring.