Strengthening resilience of host communities in Lebanon to cope with the Syrian crisis

Projects Implemented, as of 2014, by sector


Food Distribution to Syrian refugees - Deir El Ahmar cooperative


UNDP responding to the multiple dimension of the crisis launched an overall strategic and programmatic plan consisting of the Stabilization and recovery program with three main goals. 

  1.  Fostering the Resilience of Vulnerable Host Communities
  2.  Promoting Peace Building and Conflict Prevention
  3.  Strengthening the Capacity of Key National Institutions for Recovery Coordination and Crisis Management and Response

The LSRP will enable host communities to improve their capacity by addressing the immediate needs, while also building blocks for medium and long term recovery and development. This is implemented through a participatory approach with established local and regional working groups including local stakeholders, municipalities, union of municipalities, civil society, private sector and other.

1.     Fostering the Resilience of Vulnerable Host Communities

The targeted communities are marked by a rapid loss of livelihoods due to increased unemployment, substantial lack of health, and lack of confidence in the ability of public institutions to deliver these services. In addition to major environmental issues which deteriorated in already vulnerable communities.                                                                The program response will contribute to:

  • Restore livelihoods, through short term activities linked to longer term development outcomes
  • Create economic opportunities to revive local economic development through effective partnerships between public and private sectors.
  • Develop the capacity of local actors to deliver basic services and support livelihoods by enhancing their services namely allowing a better access to primary health, education, water and solid waste management services.
  • Improve the living conditions in Palestinian gatherings which are hosting as well refugees from Syria by enhancing environmental conditions of shelter units and implementing infrastructure and service projects covering sewage, water, solid waste management and electricity provision.
  • Rehabilitate the additional damage to the environment by management of solid waste, water and waste-water solution, provision of energy efficient solutions

2.     Promoting Peace Building and Conflict Prevention

The immense pressure felt at the local level; in the face of a relentless stream of refugees have exacerbated existing vulnerabilities and institutional weaknesses.                              The programme response will contribute to:

  • Strengthen local mechanisms for peaceful co-existence and conflict resolution through local and regional working groups that will manage the delivery of livelihoods
  • Capacity building for conflict prevention

3.     Strengthening the Capacity of Key National Institutions for Recovery Coordination and Crisis Management and Response

Political instability in neighboring Syria brings direct implications for Lebanon with various Lebanese factions supporting directly or indirectly one or the other faction in Syrian conflict.  The programme response will contribute to:

  • Increase the government capacity for crisis management and response
  • Enhance the stability and conflict prevention through support to the “Civil Military Coordination Programme” (CIMIC) of the Lebanese armed forces
  • Support government in stabilizing Lebanon and developing resilience in the face of the refugee crisis.

The LRSP Partners  

The implementation of the programme is done in coordination with UNDP partners.     Lebanese Ministries, UNHCR, CDR, local municipalities, working groups, LEDA’s

Strengthening resilience of host communities in Lebanon to cope with the Syrian crisis

Renovation of Al Marj Market in Bekaa Region

The process of local development had to face the impact of the Syrian, which reached an unprecedented scale.  This number is expected to reach 1.5 million during 2014*. The crisis is not only challenging the country’s existing social and economic infrastructure, it is exacerbating significant development deficiencies such as unemployment, especially among women and youth, and profound disparities between the wealthy and the poor.

Even before the Syrian crisis, some regions of Lebanon namely in the North and the Bekaa were among the poorest and most underserved. Social services, infrastructure and livelihood opportunities were inadequate.

Since the beginning of the Syrian influx to Lebanon in March 2011, most of the refugees have been accommodated and supported by the host communities. The Lebanese communities have been hosting and supporting the Syrian refugees far beyond any other country in the region. Yet this long lasting refugee’s situation is likely to exhaust the hosting capacities of local populations that have been playing a key role in the response to the refugees so far. The living conditions in host communities that were already suffering poverty are further deteriorating. This whole situation is likely to further increase tensions at the local level between hosting communities and Syrian refugee especially due to the enormous pressure which is put on basic services, namely water, sanitation, education and healthcare systems