6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

Recently, Lebanon produced relevant poverty measurement studies aiming at supporting the identification of the socio-economic problems in the country, the prioritization of the interventions to reduce regional disparities, the planning and implementation of poverty reduction initiatives and policies. In Lebanon, the population living under the poverty line reaches 28.6% (20.6 % < 4$/day; 8% < 2.4$/day). Of these, 8% are extremely poor and live below the lower poverty line estimated at US$ 2.4 per capita per day, and accordingly cannot meet their food and non-food basic needs. Per capita consumption is highest in Beirut and lowest in North Lebanon.

To monitor the change in the living conditions of the Lebanese population, ten years after the production of the 1998 Mapping, the "Comparative Mapping" was produced and published in 2007. The "Comparative Mapping" study adopted the same methodology and used the same indicators of the 1998 study and calculated deprivation using the 2004/5 data. The study shows that the percentage of deprived individuals dropped from 34% to 25.5%.

Regional disparity is also a major characteristic of poverty; while North Lebanon has 20.7% of Lebanon's population; it houses 38% of the poor and 46% of the extremely poor; compared to Beirut that hosts only 1% of the extremely poor and 2.1% of the poor population. Unskilled workers and seasonal or temporary labourers are the dominant categories for poor, and widowed women with more than three children have the highest poverty ratio, and are therefore one of most vulnerable groups.

The employment-to-population ratio was 35.7% in 2004, with a rise of its 1997 level of 31.1%. This ratio is relatively weak, compared to an average ratio of 47.8% for the Middle East, and 45%-60.9% in developed countries, implying a particularly high rate of economic dependency in Lebanon.

Unemployment rate is estimated at over 7.9%, and unemployment is particularly acute amongst Lebanese youth, aged 15-24 (48.4% from the unemployed), with young women having been far more adversely affected than young men. Youth unemployment in Lebanon is estimated to be as high as the average for the Arab region (roughly 26%), the highest of all regions

UNDP's work in Lebanon


    UNDP reduces expenses on drinking water by 60%
     UNDP reduces expenses on drinking water by 60%

    Wadi Khaled, one of the poorest villages in Northern Lebanon, does not have a sufficient water supply for its populations. With the rise in the numbers of Syrian refugees (8000) in Wadi Khaled, the need indeed grew for water.more


    Enhance the relationship between host communities and Syrian refugees
    Enhance the relationship between host communities and Syrian refugees

    As a response to the Syrian crisis, the UNDP approach was to strengthen the Lebanese host communities so they can better support the Syrian refugees. One of the UNDP strategy was to reach this goal through the support of local cooperatives.more

0.83 years
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption