Disaster Risk Management
In 2012 the Kyrgyz Republic Ministry of Emergency Situations registered 449 emergency situations causing 47 deaths and almost $20 million damage. Vast majority of them are natural disasters such as floods, mudslides, snow avalanches etc. Each of these disasters brings major setbacks in Kyrgyzstan’s development through fatalities, material damage and disrupting normal lives of people. UNDP works with national and international partners to prevent, manage and recover from natural disasters and other emergency situations.
UNDP is leading an initiative to enhance coordination of disaster response. It is aimed at strengthening joint disaster response efforts in the country through improved coordination among all relevant actors and strong leadership of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
One of the key achievements in this area is establishment of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Platform, a special coordination body within the Minister of Emergency Situations, in 2011. The Platform unites 30-40 government and non-government organizations to develop policies and coordinate actions. In 2012 UNDP Disaster Risk Management Programme continued strengthening organizational arrangement of the Platform.
The National Platform now has a Secretariat that coordinates day-to-day work. There are four thematic groups working on education, seismic construction, disaster medicine and humanitarian response. UNDP also helped to develop a 2-year action plan for the Platform.
UNDP also assisted the Ministry of Emergency Situations in development of the Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy 2020. The National DRR Platform helped align policies with the newly adopted strategy to ensure further coherent implementation of policies and practices across all sectors and levels of governance. This work included assessing governance capacities and identifying gaps through discussions with 677 civil and municipal servants.
One of the key priorities of the strategy is to strengthen ability to reduce disaster risks and manage emergency situations at local level. Therefore, the Ministry of Emergency Situations and UNDP established disaster risk management frameworks in over 100 municipalities in the last two years. As part of this framework, over 650 local residents were trained on how to act in case of emergencies, undertake preventive measures, develop disaster response plans etc. Moreover, hundreds of people in remote areas of Kyrgyzstan were involved in 46 UNDP-led disaster mitigation projects. According to our estimations these interventions reduced vulnerability of around 50 000 community members in the face of various emergency situations.
Peace and Development
Frustrations and shrinking opportunities stemmed from the chronic absence of democratic governance institutions led to the political crisis and ethnic violence in the south of Kyrgyzstan in 2010. The erosion of the public trust in the governance institutions created a vacuum filled with the nationalist rhetoric, sub-regionalism and a militaristic emphasis on ethnic identity.
Immediate recovery of social, governance-related and economic assets in the conflict affected areas, as well as a continued engagement in promotion of social cohesion, good governance and a conducive environment for development in the country are of utmost importance for the country’s return to “normalcy.”
UNDP’s comparative advantages in conflict prevention and peace building area include its Peace and Development Programme (PDP) engaged with government on conflict prevention in a systematic way. PDP works with the UN Regional Centre for Preventative Diplomacy in Central Asia to support a comprehensive approach to assist the government in its development of conflict prevention and peace building related policies. It also works with various government agencies, including parliament, to ensure that their activities are conflict-sensitive.
Through its peace and development analysis process and cross-border cooperation work, the programme has established conflict prevention mechanisms at provincial and local levels: Oblast Advisory Committees (OACs), Local Authorities Advisory Committees (LAACs), municipal associations and task forces. Other development actors on the ground are working with these mechanisms to ensure that efforts are complementary. In addition, PDP has built the conflict prevention capacity of a network of civil society actors. UNDP as a whole has access to international expertise related to conflict prevention and peace building.
The new Peace and Development Programme strategy for 2012-2016 focuses on:
- National policy and response
- Building national processes and institutions for conflict prevention and management.
- Strengthening the capacity of state institutions to draft and implement policies, laws and strategies.
The publication describes best practices of UNDP's work in reducing disaster risks on a local level in Kyrgyzstan.
This handbook was developed together with the Kyrgyz Republic Ministry of Emergency Situations for commanders and members of voluntary rural rescue teams. These teams were organized with support of UNDP in order to help MES deal with emergency situations even faster and more effectively. The reading can also be used by anyone who deals with rescuing people.