Institutional Strengthening (IS) - Phase IX

What is the Project About?

The Montreal Protocol (MP) on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion (ODS). The treaty was opened for signature on 16 September 1987, and entered into force on 1 January 1989. The treaty is structured around several groups of halogenated hydrocarbons that have been shown to play a role in ozone depletion. All of these ozone depleting substances contain either chlorine or bromine.

The I. R. Iran initiated policy measures for ODS phase-out as part of the original Country Programme (CP) for Iran at the 10th meeting of the MP’s Executive Committee in 1993. The establishment of the National Ozone Unit (NOU) within the Department of Environment followed in 1995. Since then, comprehensive policy and regulatory frameworks covering institutional, regulatory, fiscal, and legislative actions have been established. Ratification of Conventions, Protocols and their amendments in the 1990s created a comprehensive framework to adopt national laws related to MP decisions.  Subsequently, new ODS rules and regulations were introduced on the basis of the existing laws in I. R. Iran.

This project is intended to provide financial and administrative facilities to enable coordination of all activities to effectively and efficiently phase-out ODSs through adoption of sound regulation and policies, devising effective monitoring procedures and plans, providing technical support for on-going projects as well as converted manufacturing units.

What Have We Accomplished So Far?

This project is the 9th and the last in a series of similar institutional strengthening projects that have been implemented to enable Iran to comply with the MP’s control measures. Through successive IS projects, Iran has been able to fully meet the important milestone of Chloroflourocarbons (CFCs) phase-out by 1 January 2010. The activities implemented under the IS VIII project created an emergent capacity which enabled the control of ODS targets under the MP and also strengthened the infrastructure for implementation of HCFC Management Plan in future years.  NOU as the focal operating unit for the implementation of the IS projects has created a provincial monitoring network and reporting procedures. These decentralized “Provincial Ozone Cells” act as an effective national mechanism to ensure the proper use of equipment bought through MP funds by the beneficiaries and apply strict control of illicit distribution of ODSs. Significantly, they had played an important role in the sustainable institutionalization of the MP programme. Specifically, the IS VIII has achieved the following:

  1. Sustained the phase-out of Halons, CFCs, CTC and Methyl Bromide
  2. Strengthened the NOU to ensure sustainability of previous and ongoing phase-out activities as well as to safeguard the country’s compliance with the provisions of the MP
  3. Enforced its established licensing system to effectively monitor consumption levels based on an annual quota system for ODSs. ODS import and export is controlled through close cooperation between NOU, Customs and the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade and the final data and information is reported to the MP
  4. Coordinated the implementation of the Hydrochloroflourocarbon Management Phase Out Project (HPMP)
  5. Institutionalized the Ultraviolet (UV)/Ozone Observation, through establishment and strengthening of a “UV Observation Network” at the Institute of Geophysics
  6. Provided technical training and trouble-shooting services to the beneficiaries to ensure effective use of alternative technologies
  7. Promoted general and technical awareness of public, government, private sector  and NGOs on Ozone layer protection and NOU activities;

Who Finances It



The Multi-lateral Fund for Implementation of Montreal Protocol
 US$173,511         

Delivery in Previous Fiscal Year

N/A

Project Highlights
  • Successive IS projects intended to provide financial and administrative facilities to enable coordination of all activities to effectively and efficiently phase-out ODSs through adoption of sound regulation and policies, devising effective monitoring procedures and plans, providing technical support for on-going projects as well as converted manufacturing units
  • NOU as focal point for implementation of the IS projects has created a provincial monitoring network and reporting procedures. These decentralized “Provincial Ozone Cells” act as an effective national mechanism to ensure the proper use of equipment bought through MP funds by the beneficiaries and apply strict control of illicit distribution of ODSs. Significantly, they had played an important role in the sustainable institutionalization of the MP programme
  • Activities implemented under the IS VIII project created an emergent capacity which enabled the control of ODS targets under the MP and also strengthened the infrastructure for implementation of HCFC Management Plan in future years
Project Overview
Project Start Date:
April 2013
Estimated End Date:
March 2015
Geographic Coverage:
N/A
Focus Area:
Energy and Environment
MDG:
7
Project Officer:
Mehdi Kamyab
Partners:
Iranian Department of Environment (DOE)