In-depth

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Special attention is given to forest and watershed management as well as coastal and marine ecosystems.

Climate change is a reality and urgent actions on climate change adaptation and mitigation are required. With an over 80,000 km long cost line and 17,000 islands, many people in Indonesia are depending on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture, forestry and coastal community economies. Consequently, Indonesia is especially vulnerable to climate change, with the severe impacts of a changing climate already being felt in various parts of the country. Unreasonably, it is the poor and vulnerable communities that are being hardest hit by the changing climate. As a result, climate change is directly threatening Indonesia’s recent achievements on poverty reduction and other Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

In addition to being strongly affected by climate change, Indonesia is also one of the world’s largest emitters of Green House Gasses (GHGs), thus contributing significantly to climate change. Indonesia’s largest emissions originate from deforestation and land degradation and conversion. In addition to causing climate change, these practices threaten livelihoods, biodiversity, peace and stability.

Given the implications of climate change for Indonesia and vice versa, the Indonesia UNDP Country Office considers climate change a top priority issue. Concrete climate change action is required if the Government is going to reach Indonesia’s ambitious emission reduction targets. UNDP is therefore engaging closely with the Government to pursue climate change adaptation and mitigation in the context of an environmentally sound and sustainable development framework.