Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction in Development

What is the project about

Photo by: UNDP Indonesia

Indonesia is one of the most disaster prone countries in  the world. Between 1980 and 2010, it is estimated that  natural disasters alone affected around 22 million people. In 2010 disasters amounted to an estimated economic loss of 5 trillion rupiahs. UNDP is working in partnership with the Indonesian  government to promote the integration of riskreduction into the development process. Since 2007 the Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction in Development (SCDRR) has been implemented in eight provinces. The project has demonstrated notable impacts on regulatory and legislative reform, genuine government ownership and communityresilience.

Achievements

Legal and regulatory framework
SCDRR has paved the way in legislatve andregulatory reform through theintegration of  DRR in the developmentprocess. Some results include:

  • Formulation of 2  planning documents: National Disaster Management plan 2010-2014 and National Action Planfor DRR 2010-2012.
  • Integration of DRR as one of  the key development priorities in the National Mid-Term Development Plan 2010-2014
  • Formulation of a Ministerial Regulation on the guidelines for Local Disaster Management Agency establishment
  • Formulation 10 local regulations: Disaster Management Regulations and Plans for the province of Central Java and Palu City; establishment of Provincial Disaster Management Agencies in Yogyakarta and Bengkulu; and Local Action Plans for DRR in Central Java Province and Palu City.

Decentralized DRR institutional System
SCDRR has been essential in the establishmentand strengthening of institutional systems supporting the decentralization of DRR, resulting in:

  • The establishment of Disaster Management Agencies in target areas and all over country.
  • The formulation of strategic plans for Disaster ManagementAgenciesand the provision oftechnical expertise.
  • Capacity assessment of the National Disaster ManagementAgenc yand the Disaster ManagementAgency of the Province of West Sumatra which is serving as a blueprint forimplementingcapacity development plans.
  • Set up historical database systems at national level and In eight target provincesas a basis for Formulating disaster risk maps Five provnces and one municipality now have complete disaster risk maps. The result of this exercise has contributed to nationally accepted risk assessment methodology.
  • Establishment of National multi-stakeholder DRR Platformengaging the government, civil society organizations, academia, media, and private sectors.  Similar forums have been established in the eight target areas These forumsare instrumental in enhancing understanding of, and advocatingfor the  integration into of DRR into development planning
  • The application of  DRR in different sectors: 1) Transportation through Get Airport Ready for Disasters training in 2medium-sized city airports and 2 major hub airports. 2) Health throug htheformulation of guidelineson the development of Hospital DisasterPlans.

Public Education and Awareness
In strengthening local resilience to disasters, the role of  future generations and the general public is crucial. Thus, SCDRR takes a holistic approach and contributes to the integration of DRR into the national education system and public awareness. Some highlights of this  effort are:

  • Endorsementof the National Strategy on Mainstreaming DRR in Schools by the Ministry of Education.
  • Formulation of a  national strategy of public awareness campaign.
    Demonstration of school preparedness programs in 3 districts/municipalitiesin 3 elementary, 3 junior  high and 3senior high schools benefitting approximately 1,330 elementary, 2,001 junior high, and 2,549 senior high school students and 419 teachers
  • Teachers trained on DRR school curricula in eightprovinces
  • Thedistribution of 1,000 teaching modules and training guidelines which are supporting teachers in education children on DRR.
    Implementation of public awareness campaigns to increase awareness and understanding on DRR. Using local electronic and print media and through culturalevents to effectively permeatethe public.

Community level applications
SCDRR is partnering with provincial and district/municipal governments and civil society organizations in implementing community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) and integrating these initiatives into local development planning.

  • 40 villages across six provinces are implementing DRR effortsaddressing 6 types of hazards (earthquake, tsunamis, floods, landslides, volcanoes and droughts) Communities themselves are managing actions to improve their resilience. Through facilitation, the villages have formulated disaster management plans,contingency plans, andcommunity action plans, integrated into thedevelopment planning process at village level.
  • Establishment of DRR Forums in 40 villages who are leading preparedness and mitigation efforts. More than 30% of theirmembers are women and are actively involved in decision-making.
  • Demonstrat ed integration of DRR in sustainable ivelihoods across six villagesof Yogyakarta and Climate Change Adaptation  In four villages in West Sumatera.

Contact



UNDP Indonesia Country Office
Menara Thamrin 8-9th Floor
Jl. MH Thamrin Kav. 3 
Jakarta 10250
Phone: +62-21-3141308
Fax: +62-21-39838941

Project Overview
Status
Active
Project start date
2007
Estimated end date
March 2013
Partners on ground
BNPB, Bappenas, MoHA, MoNE, MoT
Focus area
Disaster Risk Redution
Geographic focus
All country with 8 pilot provinces and one pilot provincial city
Program Manager
Malikah Amril
Head of Unit
Kristanto.sinandang@undp.org
Project Board
BNPB, Bappenas, MoHA (and UNDP)