South-South cooperation is viewed by UNDP India as a broad framework for collaboration among countries of the South to identify solutions for key development challenges. Increasingly, also it is becoming a new partnership model reflecting the new growing economies coming to the international arena and taking a larger stake in global decisions. UNDP and the Government of India have been developing a new Strategic Partnership Agreement to promote strategic engagement on south-south and trilateral partnerships. This new partnership will leverage India’s development experience and technologies to further the cause of sustainable human development in other developing countries.
Over the years, UNDP in India has been sharing with the government of India the experiences of other countries while at the same time facilitating visits of representatives from other countries to learn the rich development experiences of India. Such visits were facilitated, for example, from Pakistan on women rights, VietNam on local governance, Bangladesh on planning. This exchange of experiences has led to some programmes like the Disaster Risk Reduction and Strengthening State Plans on Human Development and the Socio-economic impact study of HIV/AIDS actually being replicated by other countries.
UNDP has widely leveraged the use of international knowledge and best practices making them available to the government decision-makers, on critical issues of cash transfers, employment guarantee schemes, right to information, inclusive growth, climate change financing, technology cooperation, and the anti – corruption bill.
Recognising that one size does not fit all and today’s development solutions can be found in many parts of the world, UNDP India supported several exchanges between India and the South in 2010. A delegation from the People’s Republic of China led by Minister of the State Council Leading Group of Poverty Alleviation and Development, Fan Xiaojian, exchanged views with senior government representatives on India’s experience with rights-based approaches to poverty reduction. The team visited a MGNREGA worksite in Rajasthan to understand the potential of the Act in encouraging rural development. A team from the Bangladesh Planning Commission led by Minister of Planning, A.K. Khandaker discussed India’s approach to planning and the possibilities of integrating human development reporting and planning in national and regional planning in Bangladesh.
The India country office facilitated several technical exchanges between Africa and India. At the request of the government of Nigeria, UNDP established contact between the Nigerian and Indian election commissions to exchange expertise and strengthen local electoral processes in Nigeria. Delegates from the Global Forum on Local Development from Uganda to India explored approaches to addressing MDGs through decentralised planning. UNDP India provided technical support to the Government of India on best practices at the Delhi International Renewable Energy Conference. An interaction between Indian and Brazilian experts focused on sustainable use of medicinal and aromatic plant biodiversity and promoting traditional knowledge.
The India LDC Ministerial Conference at New Delhi in its declaration “acknowledged the need to reinvigorate the United Nations development system in supporting and promoting South-South cooperation, and to this effect urge the United Nations funds, programs and specialized agencies to take concrete measures to mainstream support for South-South and triangular cooperation to help developing countries, at their request, to develop capacities to maximize the benefits and impact of South-South and triangular cooperation in order to achieve their national development goals and internationally agreed development goals, including the MDGs” .
With support from the Regional Centre, UNDP in India initiated an engagement with the Election Commission of India to share learnings on electoral experiences in other countries and support setting up of a learning resource centre at the India institute of Democracy and Electoral Management by the Election Commission of India. UNDP also facilitated the participation of the Election Commission of India in Electoral Cycle Regional Community of Practice meetings in Cairo and Manila to share experiences with participating Asian and arab countries on electoral reform and management. UNDP in india also facilitated participation of the Commission at seminars on electoral management bodies and democratic reform in Bangladesh and Mexico to discuss approaches to electoral management bodies, reform and participation, and representation of women in Parliament.
UNDP supported work on HIV sensitive social protection received international recognition. UNDP also supported NACO in moderating a regional e-discussion on social protection and enabled the Ministry of Health’s participation and dialogue with Brazil and select countries from Africa on access to treatment under TRIPS regime held alongside the Global Non-Communicable Disease Summit in New York.
GHG emissions from the brick industry account for 4.5 percent of total emissions in India. An international conference on mechanization of the brick industry supported by UNDP provided an opportunity from delegates from Bangladesh, India and Vietnam to discuss resource efficient brick making and the sustained adoption of new technologies that can enable a low carbon growth trajectory for this critical sector in developing countries.
UNDP India facilitated the participation of the MoRD at the South Asia Regional Conference on Women’s Political Leadership through Parliamentary Development in Bangladesh focused on sharing experiences in implementing MGNREGA. A mission from the Government of Vietnam visited India to review first hand, the functioning of the Backward Region Grant Fund, a scheme providing untied funds for local governance. A delegation from Iraq examined e-governance initiatives in India.
UNDP India provided technical support to Kyrgyzstan to evaluate UNDP supported DRM programmes in that country, revise the programme documents, and conceptualize a knowledge sharing platform. UNDP India’s Disaster Risk Management Programme (2002-2009) hosted 16 delegations from governments across the world to demonstrate and share knowledge and experiences on disaster risk reduction.
UNDP in India has been responding to various requests emanating from the Government of India to learn from the experiences of various countries and at the same time facilitating visits from representatives of other countries. However, responding to the urgent need to leverage India’s development experience, a Strategic Partnership Agreement between the Government and UNDP has been approved by the Cabinet of the Government. This new partnership will ensure more systematic sharing of knowledge, best practices, experiences, technology and expertise to better leverage resources in response to diverse development challenges globally.
Stories of Change
The United Nations Development Programme and India signed a partnership agreement today intended to leverage India’s vast development experience to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and increase its role in south-south cooperation. more
In a unique example of South-South cooperation, a high-level delegation from China visited India to explore synergies and understand how both countries can deliver employment commensurate to rapid growth. more
“UNDP’s partnership with India in the 21st century should also have a global dimension. India has many experiences to share and technologies available to assist other more
- 04 Jan 2013: Launch of the International Centre for Human Development in India
- 04 Jan 2013: Launch of the International Centre for Human Development in India
- 18 Dec 2012: Inter-Ministerial Conference for Mainstreaming HIV
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