Sustainable Land and Ecosystem Management in Shifting Cultivation Areas of Nagaland for Livelihood and Ecological Security

What is the Project About

The project, in partnership with the government of Nagaland, aims to address land degradation in shifting cultivation locations in three districts of Nagaland through participatory planning, generating awareness, building institutions and supporting integrated farm development that enable sustainable land and ecological management.

What Have We Accomplished So Far

What Have We Accomplished So Far
Photo: UNDP India
  • Horticulture, agro-forestry plantations and soil and water conservation measures have improved vegetation cover by over 2,000 hectares of land in project areas

  • Soil erosion rate has decreased from 50 m/ha per year to 26 m/ha per year

  • Incomes of 4,400 women have increased by 10 percent as a result of sale of organic farm produce from jhum fields

  • Average incomes of 5,008 households have increased by 15-20 percent annually through access to existing credit facilities, agriculture revolving fund and sales from increased yield of jhum fields

  • Over 800 jhum-practicing households have benefited from the introduction of integrated farm development practices that integrate crop, livestock, fishery, forestry and horticulture and reduce soil erosion 

  • The jhum cropping phase has increased from two to three years in pilot jhum farms as a result of timely introduction of soil and water conservation measures

  • Informed decision making by traditional institutions on land management systems through participatory land use plans (PLUP). Formal codification of land use has led to more effective participatory planning and management. PLUP has helped to address conservation challenges including rampant burning of jhum fields, protection of forest and water bodies, land degradation, etc

  • Land use committees have been formed to ensure implementation of the land use plans and to create an enabling environment for improved local ecosystem and livelihoods

  • Strengthened coordination and convergence mechanisms between line departments through increased awareness of linkages between land degradation, forest resources and rural development

Funding Support by



Donor Name Amount Contributed
Global Environment Facility (GEF) US$ 3,600,000


Expenditure in Previous Fiscal Year

Year Amount
2013 US$ 550,303
2012 US$ 657,829
2011 US$ 1,256,129
2010 US$ 731,414.46
2009 US$ 37,115.28


Stories of Change

From ‘Slash and Burn’ to Sustainability: Farming Communities in Northeastern India Improve Soil Fertility and Earn Higher Incomes

From ‘Slash and Burn’ to Sustainability: Farming Communities in Northeastern India Improve Soil Fertility and Earn Higher Incomes
The project, in partnership with the government of Nagaland, aims to address land degradation in shifting cultivation locations in three districts of Nagaland through participatory planning, generating awareness, building institutions and supporting integrated farm development that enable sustainable land and ecological management.

In the News

Project Overview
Status:
Ongoing
Project Start Date:
2009
Estimated End Date:
2013
Geographic Coverage:
Nagaland (Mokukchung, Mon and Wokha)
Focus Area:
Environment and Energy
MDG:
Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Project Officer:
Lianchawii
Partners:
Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India; Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Government of Nagaland
Highlights
  • Nagaland faces a major challenge in adapting land use and production systems to meet demands of a rising population
  • Horticulture and agroforestry plantations introduced as part of the project has increased forest cover
  • Over 800 jhum-practicing households have benefited from introduction of integrated farm development practices
  • Increase in average incomes of 4,000 households by 15-20 percent annually
  • Increase in incomes of 3,000 women by 10 percent as a result of sale of organic farm produce from jhum fields
  • Improved land regeneration through greater involvement of local and traditional institutions in decision-making