Biomass Energy for Rural India

What is the Project About

What is the Project About
Photo: UNDP India

In partnership with the Department of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Government of Karnataka, the project aims to build capacity of rural communities and other stakeholders to overcome barriers in promoting the use of renewable and bio-energy technologies.

What Have We Accomplished So Far

What Have We Accomplished So Far
  • The Government of Karnataka and the Tovinakere Panchayat have signed a first-of-its-kind agreement that allows the Panchayat to sell electricity to the state power utility
  • Successful demonstration of bioenergy packages:
    • A 500-kW gasifier-based power plant in the Kabbigere cluster of Tumkur district in Karnataka with two gasifier systems has generated 1,520,000 kWh of electricity as of June 2012, resulting in a reduction of 1,200 tons of CO2
    • Fifty-one group biogas plants serving four to five families per group have been installed, which have produced an estimated 95,309 cubic meters of biogas, resulting in a saving of 148 tCO2
    • Fifty-six bore wells with submersible pump sets and drip irrigation have been set up in the village cluster sites as part of the project
  • Reduction in carbon generation through energy plantations
    • Tree plantations grown on 2,930 hectares of land have reduced 12,000 tons of carbon generated and provided livelihood options for local villages
    • 240 women in 81 self-help groups raised about one million seedlings in 24 nurseries managed by them. This helped them earn about INR 1 million over just six months
    • Thirty people employed in tree-based farming have earned an additional income of INR 720,000 between July 2009 and June 2010

Who Finances It



Global Environment Facility; India Canada Environment Facility; Government of Karnataka; Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India; Others

Delivery in Previous Fiscal Year

US$ 269,473

Stories of Change

Clean, Green and Bright

Clean, Green and Bright
Kabbigere Gram Panchayat sells power generated by its self-run biomass power plants at a rate of Rs.2.85 per kWh (USD0.06) to the Bangalore Electricity Supply Company. In the remote Kabbigere village in the Southern Indian state of Karnataka, greenery is conspicuous. What is not so visible in this seemingly non-descript village is that the locally-elected governance institution or Gram Panchayat is the first in India to sell power to a power grid.

Project Overview
Status:
Ongoing
Project Start Date:
2002
Estimated End Date:
2012
Geographic Coverage:
Tumkur district, Karnataka
Focus Area:
Environment and Energy
MDG:
Goal 7- Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Project Officer:
S N Srinivas
Partners:
Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Government of Karnataka
Highlights
  • Current energy use pattern of rural areas which relies on non-renewable energy has significant environmental implications
  • The project aims to overcome barriers to promote renewable and bio- energy technologies
  • An agreement signed as part of the project has enabled the Tovinakere Panchayat to sell electricity to the state power utility
  • A 500 kW gasifier-based power plant in Tumkur district in Karnataka has generated 1,520,000 kWh of electricity and reduced 1,200 tons of CO2
  • Fifty-one group biogas plants installed have enabled 175 households to light up their homes and save 148 tCO2
  • Fifty-six borewells with submersible pump sets and drip irrigation have been set up in the village cluster sites
  • Tree plantations have reduced nearly 12,000 tons of carbon dioxide
  • 240 women in 81 self-help groups have raised one million seedlings in 24 nurseries, which has helped them earn about INR 1 million over just six months