UNDP in Bihar

About Bihar

Bihar is India’s third-most populous state after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. According to the 2011 Census, the population of Bihar is 103 million, which is about 8.58 percent of the total population of the country. Over the last decade, the state has witnessed a 25 percent growth in its population, which is among the highest in India; and with a fertility rate of 3.7 , it is only going to increase further. The state also has the highest density of population of over 1,000 persons per sq km . more

Status of projects

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been working with the government, civil-society and the peoplele of India since 1951 to help them find their own solutions for global and national development challenges.

UNDP in Bihar

  • Kosi Flood Recovery and Reconstruction (2009-2011)
    Kosi Flood Recovery and Reconstruction

    The 2008 Kosi floods affected three million people in Bihar, one of India’s poorest states. In partnership with the government of Bihar, this project supported recovery processes in the aftermath of the floods, including settlement and habitat planning to reduce disaster risk. An owner-driven reconstruction pilot has since been upscaled across flood-affected districts in the state.more

  • Access to Clean Energy (2009-2012)
    Access to Clean Energy

    The project, in partnership with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, aims to enhance access to clean and renewable energy for livelihoods in remote un-electrified villages in the selected seven United Nations Development Assistance Framework states of India.more

  • Financial Inclusion (2009-2012)
    Financial Inclusion

    In partnership with the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, the project aims to increase financial inclusion of the poor by developing appropriate financial products for them and increasing awareness on available financial services and strengthening financial literacy, particularly amongst women.more

  • Capacity Development for Local Governance (2008-2012)
    Capacity Development for Local Governance

    In partnership with the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India, the project aims to strengthen the capacities of elected representatives and officials, institutions and processes at various levels to improve service delivery through training, networking and knowledge sharing.more

At a Glance

Area: 94,163 sq km

103 million

HDI value:

Poverty Rate:

Literacy Rate:

Sex Ratio:
916 females per 1,000 males

Bihar Economic and Human Development Indicators
Stories of Change
DRM - Community Volunteers Instrumental in Bihar Flood

The strength of disaster mitigation and management depends on the level of community involvement. UNDP’s Disaster Risk Management (DRM) project has been able to mobilize volunteers through the initiative. This sense of civic engagement has proven an asset during the recent floods in Bihar.


My Home, My Way: UNDP Helps Disaster Victims Build Back Better
A Government of Bihar and UNDP pilot helped rebuild climate resilient houses devastated by the Kosi floods of 2008 through empowering local communities to own the reconstruction process.

United Nations Volunteers

The United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme is inspired by the conviction that volunteerism can transform the pace and nature of development. This is also true in a disaster situation.

Read more