6 Achieve Universal Primary Education

Where we are?

India is on-track and in some cases, ahead of targets that relate to universalizing primary education in India. Gross Enrolment Rates for both girls and boys in 2006-07 crossed 100 percent.

The emphasis on achieving universal primary education can be found in a range of government schemes:

Eleventh Five-Year Plan Goals

  • Reduce dropout rates of children at the elementary level from 52.2 percent in 2003–04 to 20 percent by 2011–12
  • Develop minimum standards of educational attainment in elementary schools, to ensure quality education
  • Increase the literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or more to 85 percent by 2011–12
  • Reduce the gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage points by 2011–12
  • Increase the percentage of each cohort (i.e. is a group of people who share a common characteristic or experience within a defined period) going to higher education from the present 10 percent to 15 percent by 2011–12.

Centrally-sponsored schemes that address this MDG include:

1.69 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms
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With a few years left to achieve the MDGs, this document provides a quick snapshot of India’s progress towards the MDGs and highlights key recommendations made during a roundtable discussion 'Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms.'

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Millennium Development Goals: India Country Report 2011
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This report by the Government of India assesses the country’s progress towards achieving the MDGs. It focuses on performance against measured outcomes and assesses where the country is likely to be by 2015. In doing so, it attempts to provide a roadmap for future action.

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Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men