6 Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty

Where we are?

India has been moderately successful in reducing poverty. The Poverty Headcount Ratio which is estimated to reach 18.6 percent by 2015 (according to the Government of India MDG Report 2009) is likely to miss the target by about 3.5 percentage points.

However, eradicating hunger remains a key challenge. The proportion of population that has a dietary energy consumption of below the permissible standards of 2,100-2,400 kcal has risen from 64 percent in 1987-88 to 76 percent in 2004-05. Malnourishment is also an indicator of food insecurity. In 1990, when the MDGs were formulated 53.5 percent of all Indian children were malnourished. Since then, progress has been slow. In India, the proportion of underweight children below three years has declined by only one percent between 1998-99 and 2005-06 to 46 percent. It is estimated that malnourishment could decline to 40 percent by 2015. This would still be below the target of reducing malnourishment to 28.6 percent.

UNDP's work in India

  • UNDP Administrator Helen Clark watches a demonstration of an information kiosk in the western Indian state of Rajasthan

    Guaranteeing Jobs, Building Sustainable Livelihoods

    The visit of Miss Helen Clark, Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), to Bhilwara district in the western Indian state of Rajasthan shed lightmore

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Ongoing projects

Livelihood Promotion Strategies in Rajasthan

A significant challenge for Rajasthan is to ensure employment commensurate to the state’s economic growth and address the needs of the 20 million “working poor”. With UNDP support, the Rajasthan Mission on Livelihoods aims to create livelihood opportunities for the poor and build a bridge between skills and market needs in the state more

Conditional Cash Transfers – Social Protection for the Urban Poor

The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) with UNDP support has piloted an initiative to develop CCTs to improve the education, health and nutritional status of poor households, especially women and children. Households will receive cash transfers on ensuring minimum attendance of children in school, participation in immunization campaigns and visits to health clinics. The idea is to develop a model that can address various dimensions of poverty and vulnerability by incentivising improvements in education and health of the vulnerable. more

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India's Status

UNDP Poverty Graph
Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms

With a few years left to achieve the MDGs, this document provides a quick snapshot of India’s progress towards the MDGs and highlights key recommendations made during a roundtable discussion 'Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms.'

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Millennium Development Goals: India Country Report 2011

This report by the Government of India assesses the country’s progress towards achieving the MDGs. It focuses on performance against measured outcomes and assesses where the country is likely to be by 2015. In doing so, it attempts to provide a roadmap for future action.

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Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption