HIV and Development

  • Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS in Manipur 2004-2005 and 2006

    HIV and AIDS has emerged as a serious challenge for the developing as well as the developed world. India, with 5.21 million people living with HIV in 2005, accounts for nearly 69 percent of the HIV infections in the South and South-east Asian region. This is despite the fact that India remains a low prevalence country with overall HIV prevalence of 0.91 percent. The study on “Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS” was undertaken by NCAER in six high-prevalence states, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Manipur and Nagaland. This study was sponsored by both UNDP and NACO. Of the six states considered for this study, Manipur ranks fifth highest in regard to the total number of HIV-positive cases. According to the Sero-Surveillance report prepared for Manipur on the basis of blood samples drawn from the high-risk groups, it has been observed that the serosensitivity rate is the highest in respect of IDUs at 60.49 percent, followed by relatives of people living with AIDS at 41.9 percent. Studies of this nature are of importance at this time as this is a critical time for India’s response to the epidemic.

  • Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS in Nagaland 2004-2005 and 2006

    The state of Nagaland lies between 25 degree 60'and 27 degree 40' latitude north of the equator and between the longitudinal lines 93 degree 20' E and 95 degree 15'E. It covers an area of 16,579 The state is bounded by Assam in the north and west, by Myanmar and Arunachal Pradesh in the east, and Manipur in the south, and runs more or less parallel to the left bank of the Brahmaputra river. The topography is full with hill ranges, which break into a wide chaos of spurs and ridges. The altitude varies between 194 and 3,048 meters.

  • Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS in Tamil Nadu 2004-2005 and 2006

    Tamil Nadu, the southernmost state of India, nestles in the Indian peninsula between the Bay of Bengal in the East, the Indian Ocean in the South and the Western Ghats and Arabian Sea in the West. In the North and West, the state adjoins Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala. Traditionally, the state has been divided into five physiographic divisions viz. Kurinji (mountainous area), Mullai (forest), Palai (arid zone), Marudham (fertile region) and Neidhai (coastal region). The state has a linguistic and cultural history that dates back about 6,000 years. The present state of Tamil Nadu was part of the Madras Presidency during the period of British rule in India. The state of Madras was formed during the reorganisation of states on a linguistic basis in 1956. It was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969. Tamil is the official language and Chennai, the capital city. The state has been divided into 30 districts.

  • The Case of Tamil Nadu Transgender Welfare Board: Insights for Developing Practical Models of Social Protection Programmes for Transgender People in India

    The report provides an analysis of the Transgender Welfare Board that was set up in Tamil Nadu in 2008 to address the social protection needs of transgender people. In doing so, it seeks to help other Indian states to introduce similar state driven initiatives for the transgender community.

  • The Macro-Economic and Sectoral Impact of HIV and AIDS in India, 2006

    The report calculates the long-term impact of HIV on economic growth, education, gender, and health status of HIV households. It also assesses the needs of people living with HIV, access of sex workers to basic services and the quality of reporting by the print and electronic media on HIV in India.


UNDP India supports government’s efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS amongst vulnerable groups and uphold the rights of the marginalised, including sexual minorities and people living with HIV. We also work to address socio-economic, cultural conditions and norms that influence the drivers of the HIV epidemic.