Report: Land Tenure and Sustainability in Ghana

01 Dec 2015
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Does the current land tenurial arrangement in Ghana incentivise adoption of environmentally sustainable cocoa production practices?


231 cocoa farmers were interviewed in cocoa productive regions to explore their views on how the existing land tenurial arrangement incentivise sustainable cocoa production practices. In the absence of fertile lands to increase production, the only option for enhanced productivity is to encourage cocoa farmers to adopt environmentally sustainable practices which require some level of land investment decisions. Decisions involving investment on-farm and adoption of environmentally sound production practices are likely to be driven by existing land tenurial arrangements which will require land policy attention.

Key Findings

  • Increasing cocoa production through farm expansion is no longer an option but the challenge is to meet the dual goal of environmental sustainability and improvement of farmers’ welfare through the adoption of sustainable production practices
  • The existing land tenurial arrangements need to be improved in order to incentivise farmers in Ghana to adopt environmentally sustainable production practices
  • The development of a land policy for cocoa farming that ensures proper documentation and formalisation of tenurial systems with clear benefit sharing agreements, education on land registration and proper acquisition of land and resolution of land disputes will incentivise the adoption of environmentally sustainable practices