Ms. Kalyan Keo, Programme Analyst
No. 53, Street 51, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: +855 (0) 23 216 167, ext. 240
The Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) is a comprehensive and innovative approach to address climate change in Cambodia. It includes a unified engagement point for development partners and a multi-donor financing facility to provide resources for climate change capacity building and implementation at national and local level. The CCCA is anchored in the government’s National Climate Change Committee (NCCC), which is the mandated government coordinating and policy support entity for all aspects of climate change. The programme aims to strengthen the capacity of the National Climate Change Committee to fulfill its mandate to address climate change and to enable line ministries, local government institutions and civil society organisations to implement priority climate change actions.
The Cambodia Climate Change Alliance has four main expected results:
|In-kind contribution-Royal Government of Cambodia
As of June 2013, the project delivery is US$ 8,058,304.14
The impact of climate change will be an unprecedented and increasing global threat to life, livelihoods and life-supporting systems. Cambodia’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions is negligible and the country is ranked as number 109 by the World Resources Institute, emitting only 0.29 tonnes of carbon dioxide per head of population each year. However, Cambodia will suffer from the effects of global warming due to excessive emissions in other parts of the world.
Climate change is expected to compound and amplify development challenges, stresses and problems. Like other countries in Southeast Asia, Cambodia is expected to experience higher and more intense rainfall. The effects are likely to include more severe water scarcity and more frequent floods, resulting in crop failures and food shortages. Accelerated loss of biodiversity will cause a decline in ecosystem services. Coastal communities and eco-systems are likely to be affected by rises in sea levels. Higher temperatures and humidity will create conditions for increased incidence of malaria and dengue fever. The poor and marginalized, particularly women and children, will be worst affected.
Cambodia ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1995 and acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2002. It made its Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC in 2002 and is now preparing its Second National Communication. In 2006, the Government established the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC), which comprises representatives of 19 ministries and government agencies. The honorary chairman of the NCCC is H.E. Prime Minister Hun Sen. The Climate Change Department within the Ministry of Environment provides Secretariat services to the NCCC.
In 2007, the European Union agreed to build a Global Climate Change Alliance between the EU and the developing countries that are likely to be hardest hit by climate change. Cambodia was selected to be a pilot country. UNDP supported an expansion of this vision by facilitating the participation of other donors, initially Sweden and Denmark. In October 2009, the NCCC held Cambodia’s first National Forum on Climate Change. The Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) was announced at the forum by the EU and UNDP and formally launched in February 2010.
The CCCA is one of several initiatives designed to strengthen Cambodia’s response to climate change. The Government submitted its National Adaptation Programme of Action to Climate Change (NAPA) to the UNFCCC in 2007. The NAPA is now being updated and the first NAPA follow-up project, Promoting Climate Resilient Water Management and Agricultural Practices in Rural Cambodia, is being implemented.