Uganda starts process to build the National Green House Gas (GHG) Inventory System
JINJA/ENTEBBE – Uganda will by the end of this year have established the framework for a National Green House Gas (GHG) Inventory System after the process to build it was started in workshops organised by the Ministry of Water and Environment's Climate Change Department and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through its Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project.
The 3-year project is implemented by the Government of Uganda through the Climate Change Department in the Ministry of Water and Environment. It is part of the larger global LECB programme which is active in 25 countries and runs through to 2016. It is funded by the European Union, the German Government and UNDP to a tune of US$ 672,000.
The National Green House Gas (GHG) Inventory System is important for Uganda because it will create a system of documenting the procedures and processes involved in creating GHG inventories and ensuring data, information, and assumptions are reported and archived.
With over thirty participants from Government, Non-Governmental Organisations and the private sector, the workshops focused on training participants on various aspects of creating the inventory. The first workshop held late July in Jinja focused on establishing GHG sectoral working groups and training them on institutional arrangements, data collection procedures and requirements for a sustainable Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management System in Uganda.
While, the second one held in August in Entebbe trained participants in the specific requirements for data generation, data compilation, appropriate methods and emission factors, estimating and calculating anthropogenic GHG emissions by sources and removals by sinks using the data provided by each sector.
The training and capacity building of strategically selected public and private sector participants lays the foundation for the institutionalisation of the GHG national inventory system that in the future will support the Climate Change Department in reporting GHG emission data to the United Nations Framework Climate Change Conservation (UNFCCC).
“Uganda has a mandate to report to the UNFCCC and this requires data that is accurate and easy to understand. I am calling on all representatives from different agencies to take keen interest and learn how the system works so that we are able to report correct data when the time for reporting is due,” Chebet Maikut, Deputy Coordinator, Climate Change Deaprtment, Ministry of Water and Environment said in his opening remarks at the Jinja workshop.
As a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, Uganda is required to report to the UNFCCC regularly on the amount and sources of emissions of GHGs in the country. It is for this reason that the UNDP through the LECB project is supporting the Government to create a sustainable GHG Inventory Management System for Uganda.
“Countries globally have committed to contribute to the global reduction of GHGs and ultimately to complete a global de-carbonization process. Therefore, a robust GHG inventory system is essential in order for Uganda to live up to its commitments under the UNFCCC and to develop the country in a green and sustainable way.” Frederik Staun, Programme Analyst for the LECB Project in UNDP said during the meeting in Entebbe.
He added that mapping the GHG emission sources in the different sectors allows Uganda to prioritise and focus the national mitigation actions and to develop a Low Emission Development Strategy to promote energy efficiency and implementation of clean energy technologies, which reduce production costs, create jobs and improve health.
During the workshops roles and responsibilities of the participants was discussed in depth and Sectoral Leads were appointed to coordinate the effort to collect and process GHG data within the areas of energy, transport, forestry, agriculture, waste and industry.
“This GHG inventory system is vital especially for the agricultural sector because the data collected will help in understanding how much the sector contributes to GHG effects and also enable us sensitise farmers and local government officials on mitigation measures that are relevant for their areas,” Annunciate Hakuza, the agriculture sectoral lead and Senior Agricultural Economist in Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries said.
While Isaiah Tumwikirize, a geophysicist in Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development added that the system is important for all government ministries because it will be key in helping to develop plans and policies that address the effects of GHG emissions in the country.
“These plans,” he said, “will be key in engaging communities that promote the use of renewable energy sources such as solar which contribute to the reduction in GHG emissions that are causing global warming and climate change.”
Apart from supporting the set-up of the GHG inventory system for Uganda, the LECB project has also supported the selection of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigations Actions (NAMAs) for the country which are expected to mitigate the emissions and the effects of climate change that they come with. An in-built Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system is also being developed to support these NAMAs.