Integrated border management
Strong border management is vital for national and regional stability - as well as for economic growth. Good management of borders helps reducing the cross-border movement of illegal trafficking, drugs, militants, weapons and radioactive materials, while at the same time facilitating trade and legal movement of people.
However, many countries still face challenges in border management. These include issues on the delimitation and demarcation of borders, causing claims to neighbours’ territories and disputes over ownership of energy, land and water. Many countries also apply a military approach to border protection, with complex inspections and bureaucratic procedures. Security issues spill over to limit also legitimate trade.
Modern methods of border management can help countries overcome these challenges. Modern methods are also important for facilitating trade and transit in a region composed of land-locked countries. For instance, economic conditions in Central Asia remain difficult for many sections of the population, and people need to move as freely as possible in order to seek employment abroad or to access goods from abroad at the best possible price.
Integrated Border Management is the concept that the EU has embraced as the modern template for coherent and coordinated border management systems. The EU and UNDP have a long history of working together in integrated border management. Geographically, the partnership in this domain has specifically focused on Central Asia, the Caucuses and in some other parts of the former Soviet Union (Ukraine and Moldova).
The EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) – fully funded by the EU and implemented by UNDP - contributes to the delivery of good quality border and customs services to the citizens and companies of Moldova, Ukraine and the European Union. Together with border guard and customs services of Moldova and Ukraine, the Mission facilitates people-to-people contacts, legitimate trade and security. more
In Central Asia, effective border control is important for security reasons. Effective border management also promotes legitimate trade and transit. The Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA) is one of the largest EU-UNDP assistance programmes in Central Asia. It is a complex, multifaceted programme, assisting five Central Asian countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. more
The EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) is fully funded by the EU and implemented by UNDP. It contributes to the delivery of good quality border and customs services to the citizens and companies of Moldova, Ukraine and the European Union.The role of EUBAM is technical and advisory.
EUBAM was launched in 2005 and the mandate of the Mission has been extended three times, with the current mandate expiring on 30 November, 2015.
For the period 2011-2013 EUBAM has a budget of €21 million.
The Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA) is one of the largest EU-UNDP assistance programmes in Central Asia. It is a complex, multifaceted programme, assisting five Central Asian countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
BOMCA started in 2003, and is now in its eight phase. Current phase of BOMCA runs until 30 June 2014.
The EU’s financial contribution to UNDP’s implementation of BOMCA for the period 2003-2014 amounts to over € 33.5 million.
The South Caucasus Integrated Border Management (SCIBM) is a regional UNDP-EU supported programme, which aims to support the governments of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in the introduction and implementation of the Integrated Border Management strategy.
The programme started in January 2009 and ends 30 September 2013.
For open and secure borders
Press release 21 Dec 2012
The European Union and UNDP are assisting the governments of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia to maintain open but secure borders. The 3-year programme, which comes to end in December 2012, demonstrated the advantages of Integrated Border Management as one of the most effective mechanisms for facilitating the movement of persons and goods while at the same time maintaining secure borders.