Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration

UN Photo Patricia Esteve

In the initial stages after a crisis, ensuring the personal security and safety of individuals and communities is essential. When people and communities feel safe, this sense of security helps to advance peace as people are more likely to invest in their own future and that of their country.


During the transition from conflict to peace, ex-combatants remain a potential security threat to their communities if they are without civilian livelihoods and support. Our partnership therefore supports the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants into communities.


This includes support to ex-combatants' economic and social reintegration by, for example, giving them vocational training and support for micro and small businesses. Having ex-combatants give up their weapons is an important way to restrict their circulation, which in turn helps to increase safety of communities. Reduction of small arms is another area of the UNDP-EU partnership.


The EU has also been instrumental in supporting the work of the UN inter-agency working group on DDR, which brings together the different parts of the UN system working on DDR to ensure an integrated and coherent approach on the ground. The EU support has made it possible to update integrated guidance on DDR to UN staff and partners, provide support to DDR operations in complex peacekeeping and post-conflict environments, enhance the knowledge of DDR and gender or HIV issues, for example, and continue to train partner governments and UN teams where DDR processes were about to start.