6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where do we stand?

More people than ever are living with HIV due to fewer AIDS-related deaths and the continued large number of new infections.
In 2011, an estimated 34.2 million were living with HIV, up 17 per cent from 2001. This persistent increase reflects the continued large number of new infections along with a significant expansion of access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy, especially in more recent years.

Number of people living with HIV in the world (Millions), 1990-2011

Bar Chart

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Quick facts

  • In sub-Saharan Africa, annual new infections in 2011 reached 1.7 million people, including 300,000  children. This is 21 percent lower than the 1997 peak and 15 percent lower than in 2001.
  • The number of people dying of AIDS- related causes fell to 1.7 million in 2011, a decline of 24% since the peak in 2005.
  • At the end of 2011, an estimated 8 million people people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or AIDS in low- and middle-income countries, up from 6.6 million people in 2010 and up from just 400 000 in 2003.
  • HIV incidence and prevalence is substantially lower in Asia than in some other regions. But the absolute size of the Asia population means it has the second largest number of people living with HIV.
  • 57% of HIV-positive pregnant women received treatment to prevent HIV transmission to their child in 2011.
  • The estimated incidence of malaria globally has decreased by 17 percent since 2000, and malaria-specific mortality rates by 25 percent.

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The Millennium Development Goals Report 2012

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Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  3. Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
    • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
    • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
    • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
    • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course