Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where do we stand?
More people than ever are living with HIV due to fewer AIDS-related deaths and the continued large number of new infections.
In 2011, an estimated 34.2 million were living with HIV, up 17 per cent from 2001. This persistent increase reflects the continued large number of new infections along with a significant expansion of access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy, especially in more recent years.
Number of people living with HIV in the world (Millions), 1990-2011
- In sub-Saharan Africa, annual new infections in 2011 reached 1.7 million people, including 300,000 children. This is 21 percent lower than the 1997 peak and 15 percent lower than in 2001.
- The number of people dying of AIDS- related causes fell to 1.7 million in 2011, a decline of 24% since the peak in 2005.
- At the end of 2011, an estimated 8 million people people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or AIDS in low- and middle-income countries, up from 6.6 million people in 2010 and up from just 400 000 in 2003.
- HIV incidence and prevalence is substantially lower in Asia than in some other regions. But the absolute size of the Asia population means it has the second largest number of people living with HIV.
- 57% of HIV-positive pregnant women received treatment to prevent HIV transmission to their child in 2011.
- The estimated incidence of malaria globally has decreased by 17 percent since 2000, and malaria-specific mortality rates by 25 percent.