Piloting PPP in integrated solid waste management (PPP-ISWM)

About the project

 Waste in and around Bhutan © UNDP BHUTAN

Urbanization in Bhutan has taken place at a rapid pace over the last 10 years. By 2005, the urban Bhutanese population had grown to 31 percent with a total population of 196,111 spread across 61 towns. It is projected that by 2020 half of Bhutan’s population will be living in urban areas.

The burgeoning urban population has created several environmental problems such as air and water pollution, water shortage, increase of municipal waste volumes and types, congestion of traffic and buildings, and land degradation.

Public–Private Partnerships (PPP) have emerged as a promising complementary approach to improve municipal solid waste (MSW) management services provision in many countries, which recognise the relative strengths and advantages of government, private and civil society organizations, hence, the benefits of their combined efforts in addressing issues pertinent to the delivery of MSW management services.

Project Outline

This pilot initiative intends to improve service delivery of MSW management; create employment opportunities; and reduce environmental impacts of waste and their associated risks of pollution on human health through piloting of a Pro-Poor gender sensitive PPP model in MSW management focused on targeted urban communities within Thimphu Municipality.

The project intends to create awareness among various stakeholders including women and youth on the principles and concepts of PPP model and strengthen their capacity through exposure to best practices and other regional experiences, on one hand, and via action-research ("learning through doing"), on the other.

This innovative initiative will not only provide opportunities for private sector and other non-state actors such as informal sector, CBOs, NGOs, etc. in service delivery, but also pave the way for greater importance and role for multiple perspectives and actors to determine the development outcomes within their locality.


2010 - 2013
Donors Amount (USD)
UNDP PPP Services Delivery  
UNDP Core Resources  
Total budget $ 190, 000

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