Environment & Energy

  • Bhutan Sustainable Rural Biomass EnergyBhutan Sustainable Rural Biomass EnergyBhutan has one of the highest per capita consumption of fuel wood in the world at almost 1.3 tonnes per person.The SRBE Project was initiated to reduce the annual biomass/ fuel wood consumption and GHG emissions in Bhutan.

  • Integrating gender into climate change policy and programmesIntegrating gender into climate change policy and programmesGender mainstreaming at project level means energy and environment (E&E) projects are designed to ensure that both women and men equally participate and benefit from a project. In some cases, women may be more disadvantaged than men in similar circumstances.

  • HCFC Phase-out Management Plan for BhutanHCFC Phase-out Management Plan for BhutanThe HCFC phase-out management plan of Bhutan stems from the firm commitment to protect and preserve the environment and to maintain the negative carbon emission status.

  • Low Emission Capacity BuildingLow Emission Capacity BuildingBhutan is one of 25 countries participating in the UNDP LECB programme, jointly funded by the European Commission (EC), the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the Australian government.

  • Revision of National Environment StrategyRevision of National Environment StrategyThe National Environment Strategy for Bhutan has guided Bhutan’s development paradigm since 1998 with regard to environmental safeguards and development. In addition, Article 5 of the Constitution of Bhutan (2008) provides for the rights and duties with regard to the environment in relation to its citizen and government.

  • Piloting PPP in integrated solid waste management (PPP-ISWM)Piloting PPP in integrated solid waste management (PPP-ISWM)Urbanization in Bhutan has taken place at a rapid pace over the last 10 years. By 2005, the urban Bhutanese population had grown to 31 percent with a total population of 196,111 spread across 61 towns. It is projected that by 2020 half of Bhutan’s population will be living in urban areas.

  • Poverty Environment Initiative Phase II (JSP-PEI II) Poverty Environment Initiative Phase II (JSP-PEI II)The UNDP-UNEP Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) focuses on mainstreaming P-E issues into national plans, sectoral strategies, environmental policies, economic decision making and sub- national planning to foster change in institutions, policies and investments.

  • Support to Royal Audit Authority on Environmental AuditingIn 2007, environment auditing was introduced to contribute enhancing governance of environmental issues in the country. Even with the explicit mandate to conduct environmental audits, the lack of environment audit guidelines, lack of qualified and trained professionals with knowledge of contemporary audit methodologies and tools and poor records and information maintained impairing effective auditing has caused hindrance to the audit works.

  • Energy efficiency baseline studyEnergy efficiency baseline studyIn order to formulate an objective Energy Efficiency Policy, it is necessary to conduct a baseline study in relevant sectors. Therefore, this project intends to conduct a baseline study and identify potential sectors for energy efficiency interventions and its implementation strategy.

  • UN Support to REDD & Readiness StrategyUN Support to REDD & Readiness StrategyBhutan was formally approved as a member of UN-REDD programme in April 2012. As a part of the programme, Bhutan will address various capacity gaps in becoming ready to implement REDD+ and a range of options to accelerate its progress towards REDD+ readiness.


Bhutan has placed environmental conservation at the center of its development strategy and it forms one of the four pillars of Gross National Happiness. In addition, the Constitution of Bhutan mandates that at least 60% of the country remain forested for all time (currently 70.5%). Bhutan is one of the few countries in the world with net greenhouse gas sequestration capacity largely due to its vast forest cover and widespread use of hydropower and biomass energy.

Contact UNDP in Bhutan
Inquiries Phone: +975 2 322424
Email: fo.btn@undp.org Fax: +975 2 322657