6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

unescap report launch
Launch of the 2013 UNESCAP Report by UNDP Resident Representative a.i Hideko Hadzialic and Governor of the Royal Monetary Authority. Photo Kevin Richtscheid @UNDP Bhutan

According to the National Labor Force Surveys (NLFS) the unemployment situation in Bhutan affects youth disproportionately and that it is essentially a youth issue. The youth unemployment rate has increased from 2.6% in 1998 to 7.3% in 2012. Most unemployed are school leavers and efforts focus on skills development of youth through vocational education. Today, there is a high priority and supportive environment to tackle the issue of providing gainful employment for youth, and an MDG Acceleration Framework (MDGAF) has been put in place in Bhutan to deal with this issue.

Over the last decade, Bhutan's ICT sector has witnessed impressive technological changes and rapid growth. The number of telephone lines in service has increased from 4052 in 1990 to 35420 in 2007. Tele-density has grown from less than one telephone line per 100 persons in 1990 to 15.6 in 2005. Cellular mobile services introduced in November 2003 has similarly witnessed an enormous growth in the number of users rising from less than 5,000 at the end of 2003 to 19,000 by the end of 2004.

The computer density of the country is 2.3 users for every 100 persons in 2005. Internet usage has also increased and in 2005 there were 1.2 internet users for every 100 persons. Internet cafes have proliferated, and the number of internet users would have surely increased since then. Registered IT businesses too, excluding internet cafes, doubled from around 16 firms in 2000 to 33 in 2008.

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population