6 Improve maternal health

Where we are?


According to the Bangladesh Maternal Mortality Survey 2010, maternal mortality declined from 40% since 2001. Photo: Salman Saeed/UNDP Bangladesh

According to the country’s first MDG Progress Report, the maternal mortality ratio in 1990 was 574 per 100,000 live births in Bangladesh. However, according to Bangladesh Maternal Mortality Survey (BMMS), maternal mortality declined from 322 in 2001 to 194 in 2010, a 40 percent decline in nine years.

The average rate of decline from the base year has been about 3.3 percent per year, compared with the average annual rate of reduction of 3.0 percent required for achieving the MDG in 2015. The BMMS 2001 and 2010 show that overall mortality among women in the reproductive ages has consistently declined during these nine years.

Status

Goal, targets and indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/91

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 5: Improve maternal health                                                                                                        

Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.

5.1: Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

574

 

194

(BMMS 2010)

209

(SVRS 2011)

218

(Sample census, 2011 BBS)

143

5.2: Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel (%)

5.0

31.7

(BDHS 2011)

50

Target 5.B: Achieve by 2015, universal access to reproductive health.

5.3: Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)

39.7

61.2

(BDHS 2011)

58.4

(SVRS 2011)

72

5.4: Adolescent birth rate (per 1,000 women)

77

118

(BDHS 2011)

59

(SVRS 2010)

-

5.5: Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits) (%)

5.5a: Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit), (%)

27.5

(1993-94)

67.7

(BDHS 2011)

100

5.5b: Antenatal care coverage (at least four visits), (%)

5.5

(1993-94)

25.5

(BDHS 2011)

50

5.6: Unmet need for family planning (%)

21.6

(1993-94)

13.5

(BDHS 2011)

7.6

1.03 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG 5
  1. Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
    • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
    • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
    • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
  2. Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
    • More women are receiving antenatal care
    • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
    • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
    • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
    • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
    • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education