6 Achieve universal primary education

Where we are

attending school
Bangladesh has made major strides towards full enrollment in its primary education programme. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

Significant progress has been made in increasing equitable access in education (NER: 98.7 percent; girls: 99.4 percent, boys: 97.2 percent), reduction of dropouts, improvement in completion of the cycle, and implementation of a number of quality enhancement measures in primary education. Bangladesh has already achieved gender parity in primary and secondary enrolment. Initiatives have been taken to introduce pre-school education to prepare the children for formal schooling.

The government is in the process of implementing a comprehensive National Education Policy (2010) to achieve its objectives. The Constitution of Bangladesh has provision for free and compulsory primary education. The challenge under MDG 2 include attaining the targets of primary education completion rate and the adult literacy rate. A large part of physically and mentally challenged children remain excluded of the schooling system. The quality of education is also a challenge at the primary and higher levels.

Status

Goal, Targets and Indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/91

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education                                                                                                        

Target 2.A:  Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

2.1: Net enrolment in primary education,  %

60.5

98.7

(DPE 2011)

100

2.2: Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5,  %

43.0

79.5

 (DPE 2011)

100

2.3: Literacy rate of 15-24 year olds, women and men, %

-

Total 74.9

Women: 81.9 Men: 67.8

(BDHS 2011)

100

2.3a: Adult literacy rate of 15+ years old population, % (proxy indicator)

37.2

59.82

M: 63.89,

F: 55.71

(BLS 2010)

58.8

(SVRS 2011)

100

1.7 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men